Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Graeco-Roman Period
Alexander the Great
Ptolemaic Dynasty

Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Thirteenth Dynasty (from about 1800 BCE)

The Eleventh (all of Egypt), Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Middle Kingdom.

Important rulers of the Thirteenth Dynasty
Name Comments
Sekhemre Khutawy First king of the dynasty
Hor a short lived pharaoh (throne name in the Turin King List: Aut-ib-Rê)
Khendjer built an unfinished pyramid at Saqqara
Antef V
Sobekhotep III 4 Years & 2 Months
Neferhotep I ruled Egypt for 11 years; sent trade expeditions to the Levant
Sobekhotep IV viewed as the most powerful king of this Dynasty, brother of Neferhotep I
Merneferre Ai longest serving ruler of this Dynasty.

In later texts, this dynasty is usually described an era of chaos and disorder. However the period may have been more peaceful than was once thought. The dynasty was eventually overthrown by the Hyksos.

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