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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the First Dynasty.

The First and Second Dynasties of Ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Early Dynastic Period. The capital at that time was Thinis.

First Dynasty
Name Dates Comments
Narmer c. 3100/3050 BC Probably identical to Menes
Hor-Aha c. 3050 BC Greek form: Athotís.
Djer 54 years (Palermo Stone) Greek form: Uenéphes.
Djet 10 years Greek form: Usapháis.
Merneith c. 2950 BC Technically reigned for her infant son Den until he became old enough to rule by himself.
Den 42 years Greek form: Kénkenes.
Anedjib 10 years (Palermo Stone) Greek form: Miebidós.
Semerkhet 9 years (Palermo Stone) Greek form: Semempsés.
Qa'a 34 years Greek form: Bienéches.
Seneferka c. 2900 BC (short reign) Correct chronological position unknown.
Ba c. 2900 BC (short reign) Horus name of a king. Also known as Horus Bird. Correct chronological position unknown.

Information about the Protodynastic Period is derived from a few monuments and other objects bearing royal names, the most important being the Narmer Palette. No detailed records of the first two dynasties have survived except for the terse lists preserved on the Palermo Stone. The Hieroglyphs were fully developed by then, and their shapes would be used with little change for a little more than three thousand years.

Large tombs of pharaohs or kings at Abydos, Naqada and Saqqara, in addition to cemeteries at Helouan near Memphis, reveal structures built largely of wood and mud bricks with some small use of stone for walls and floors. Stone was used in quantity for the manufacture of ornaments, vessels, and occasionally statues.

See also

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