Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Graeco-Roman Period
Alexander the Great
Ptolemaic Dynasty

Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the First Dynasty.

The First and Second Dynasties of Ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Early Dynastic Period. The capital at that time was Thinis.

First Dynasty
Name Comments Dates
Narmer - c3050BC/c.3000BC
Hor-Aha Menes in earlier lists c.3050BC
Djer - 41 years (Palermo Stone)
Merneith Regent for Den -
Djet - -
Den - 14 to 50 years
Anedjib - 10 years (Palermo Stone)
Semerkhet - 9 years (Palermo Stone)
Qa'a - 2916 BC?–2890 BC

Information about the Protodynastic Period is derived from a few monuments and other objects bearing royal names, the most important being the Narmer Palette. No detailed records of the first two dynasties have survived except for the terse lists preserved on the Palermo Stone. The Hieroglyphs were fully developed by then, and their shapes would be used with little change for a little more than three thousand years.

Large tombs of pharaohs or kings at Abydos, Naqada and Saqqara, in addition to cemeteries at Helouan near Memphis, reveal structures built largely of wood and mud bricks with some small use of stone for walls and floors. Stone was used in quantity for the manufacture of ornaments, vessels, and occasionally statues.

See also

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