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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty


Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twenty-First Dynasty (1069-943 BC).

The Twenty-First, Twenty-Second, Twenty-Third, Twenty-Fourth and Twenty-Fifth Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Third Intermediate Period.

After the reign of Ramesses III, a long, slow decline of royal power in Egypt followed. The last pharaoh of the New Kingdom, Ramesses XI, moved the capital to Tanis, from here the pharaohs of the 'Tanite' Twenty-First Dynasty continued to rule. Theoretically, they were rulers of all Egypt, but in practice their influence was limited to Lower Egypt while the High Priests of Amun ruled over Upper Egypt from Thebes.

Twenty-First Dynasty
Name Dates
Hedjkheperre-Setepenre Nesbanebdjed I 1077 BC - 1051 BC
Neferkare Amenemnisu 1051 BC - 1047 BC
Aakheperre Pasebakhenniut I 1047 BC - 1001 BC
Usermaatre Amenemopet 1001 BC - 992 BC
Aakheperre-Setepenre Osorkon 992 BC - 986 BC
Netjerikheperre-Setepenamun Siamun 986 BC - 967 BC
Tyetkheperre Pasebakhenniut II 967 BC- 943 BC

Though not officially pharaohs, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were the de facto rulers of Upper Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty, writing their names in cartouches and being buried in royal tombs.

High Priests of Amun
Name Dates
Herihor 1080–1074 BC
Piankh 1074–1070 BC
Pinedjem I 1070–1032 BC
Masaharta 1054–1045 BC
Djedkhonsuefankh 1046–1045 BC
Menkheperre 1045–992 BC
Nesbanebdjed II 992–990 BC
Pinedjem II 990–976 BC
Pasebakhenniut III 976–943 BC
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