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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twenty-First Dynasty (1076-943 BC).

The Twenty-First, Twenty-Second, Twenty-Third, Twenty-Fourth and Twenty-Fifth Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Third Intermediate Period.

After the reign of Ramesses III, a long, slow decline of royal power in Egypt followed. The last pharaoh of the New Kingdom, Ramesses XI, moved the capital to Tanis, from here the pharaohs of the 'Tanite' Twenty-First Dynasty continued to rule. Theoretically, they were rulers of all Egypt, but in practice their influence was limited to Lower Egypt while the High Priests of Amun ruled over Upper Egypt from Thebes.


Twenty-First Dynasty
Name Dates
Hedjkheperre-Setepenre Smendes I 1076–1050 BC (26 years)
Neferkare-Heqawaset Amenemnisut 1050–1046 BC (4 years)
Aakheperre-Setepenamun Psusennes I 1046–995 BC (51 years)
Usermaatre-Setepenamun Amenemopet 1001–992 BC (9 years)
Aakheperre-Setepenre Osorkon 992–986 BC (6 years)
Netjerkheperre-Setepenamun Siamun 986–967 BC (19 years)
Tyetkheperre-Setepenre Psusennes II 967–943 BC (24 years)

Though not officially pharaohs, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were the de facto rulers of Upper Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty, writing their names in cartouches and being buried in royal tombs.

High Priests of Amun
Name Dates
Herihor 1076–1070 BC (6 years)
Pinedjem I 1070–1032 BC (38 years)
Masaharta 1061–1052 BC (9 years)
Djedkhonsiuefankh 1052–1051 BC (1 year)
Menkheperre 1051–998 BC (53 years)
Smendes II 998–995 BC (3 years)
Pinedjem II 995–976 BC (19 years)
Psusennes II 976–943 BC (33 years)


Psusennes IIPinedjem IISmendes IIMenkheperre ADjedkhonsiuefankh AMasaharta APinedjem IHerihorPsusennes IISiamun (pharaoh)Osorkon the ElderAmenemopet (pharaoh)Psusennes IAmenemnisutSmendes I

See also[]

Preceded by:
20th Dynasty
Third Intermediate Period
21st Dynasty
Succeeded by:
22nd Dynasty