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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
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Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
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First Intermediate Period
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Second Intermediate Period
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Abydos Dynasty
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Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
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Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

The kings of the Twenty-second Dynasty of Egypt were a series of Meshwesh Libyans who ruled from circa 943 BC until 720 BC. They had settled in Egypt since the Twentieth Dynasty. Manetho states that the dynasty originated at Bubastis, but the kings almost certainly ruled from Tanis, where their tombs have been excavated. Tanis had already been the capital throughout the previous Twenty-first Dynasty.

The Twenty-second Dynasty is part of the Third Intermediate Period.

The so-called Twenty-third Dynasty was an offshoot of this dynasty perhaps based in Upper Egypt, though there is much debate concerning this issue. All of its kings reigned in Middle and Upper Egypt including the Western Desert Oases.

Twenty-Second Dynasty
Name Dates Comments
Hedjkheperre Shoshenq I 943-922 BC (21 years) Probably the Bible's Shishaq.
Sekhemkheperre Osorkon I 922-887 BC (35 years) Son of Shoshenq I.
Heqakheperre Shoshenq IIa 887-885 BC (2 years) Enjoyed an independent reign of 2 Years at Tanis according to Von Beckerath.
Tutkheperre Shoshenq IIb 885-884 BC? (1 year?) Precise position in this dynasty is currently uncertain.
Maatkheperre Shoshenq IIc (?) 884 BC? (less than a year?) Existence and precise position in this dynasty is currently uncertain.
Hedjkheperre Takelot I 884-871 BC (13 years) Son of Osorkon I.
Usermaatre-Setepenamun Osorkon II 871-837 BC (35 years) An ally of Israel who fought Shalmaneser III of Assyria at the Battle of Qarqar in 853 BC.
Usermaatre-Setepenre Shoshenq III 837-796 BC (41 years)
Usermaatre-Setepenamun Iuput I 814-802 BC (12 years) Rival king who established himself in the Nile Delta. Allied with Padibastet I in Upper Egypt.
Usermaatre-Setepenamun Padibastet II 802-775 BC (27 years) Successor of Iuput I as rival king. Allied with Shoshenq VI in Upper Egypt. May have gained control as far south as Heracleopolis Magna.
Hedjkheperre-Setepenre Shoshenq IV 796-783 BC (13 years) Successor of Shoshenq III. Not to be confused with Shoshenq VI, the original Shoshenq IV in publications before 1993.
Usermaatre-Setepenre Pami 783-776 BC (6 years) Probably a son of Shoshenq III or else IV.
Aakheperre Shoshenq V 776-738 BC (38 years) Son of Pami.
Aakheperre-Setepenamun Osorkon IV 738-716 BC (22 years) Ruled concurrently from the eastern Delta with Tefnakhte I of Sais and Iuput II of Leontopolis.


Osorkon IVShoshenq VPamiShoshenq IVPadibastet IIIuput IShoshenq IIIOsorkon IITakelot IShoshenq IIcShoshenq IIbShoshenq IIaOsorkon IShoshenq I

External links[]

Preceded by:
21st Dynasty
Third Intermediate Period
22nd Dynasty
Succeeded by:
25th Dynasty