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Achaemenid Falcon

The Achaemenid Falcon or Shahbaz, royal symbol of the Achaemenid dynasty of the ancient kingdom of Persia.

Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

The Twenty-seventh Dynasty was effectively a province of the Achaemenid Persian Empire between 525 BC and 404 BC. It was founded by Cambyses II, the King of Persia, after the Battle of Pelusium (525 BC) and the Achaemenid conquest of Egypt, and his subsequent crowning as Pharaoh of Egypt.

Twenty-Seventh Dynasty
Name Dates Comments
Cambyses II 525–522 BC (3 years) Son of Cyrus the Great. Conquered Egypt after defeating Psamtik III at the Battle of Pelusium at 525 BC.
Smerdis 522 BC (few months) Son of Cyrus the Great. Either ruled for a few months or was impersonated by a magus called Gaumata.
Darius I 522–486 BC (36 years) Seized the throne from Smerdis.
Xerxes I 486–465 BC (21 years) Son of Darius I.
Artabanus (?) 465–464 BC (7 months) Non-royal who assasinated Xerxes I and is said to have briefly usurped the Achaemenid throne in some sources.
Artaxerxes I 464–424 BC (40 years) Son of Xerxes I.
Xerxes II 424 BC (45 days) Son of Artaxerxes I.
Sogdianus 424–423 BC (6 months) Son of Artaxerxes I.
Darius II 423–404 BC (19 years) Son of Artaxerxes I.
Native Rebel Kings
Name Dates Comments
Seheruibre Padibastet IV 522–520 BC (2 years) A native Egyptian rebel ruler in the Delta.
Nebkaenre Psamtik IV Possibly 486–485 BC (1 year?) A native Egyptian rebel ruler. Exact date uncertain.
Irethor II 460–454 BC (6 years) A native Egyptian rebel ruler. Revolted with the help of his Athenian allies.


Irethor IIPsamtik IVPadibastet IVDarius IISogdianusXerxes IIArtaxerxes IArtabanusXerxes IDarius ISmerdisCambyses II


Preceded by:
26th Dynasty
Late Period
27th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
28th Dynasty