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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

The Twenty-seventh Dynasty was effectively a province of the Achaemenid Persian Empire between 525 BC and 404 BC. It was founded by Cambyses II, the King of Persia, after the Battle of Pelusium (525 BC) and the Achaemenid conquest of Egypt, and his subsequent crowning as Pharaoh of Egypt.

Twenty-Seventh Dynasty
Name Dates Comments
Cambyses II 525–522 BC Defeated Psamtik III at the Battle of Pelusium at 525 BC.
Smerdis 522 BC
Darius I 522–486 BC
Xerxes I 486–465 BC
Artabanus 465–264 BC
Artaxerxes I 464–424 BC
Xerxes II 424–423 BC
Sogdianus 423 BC
Darius II 423–404 BC
Native Rebel Kings
Name Dates Comments
Seheruibre Padibastet III 522/21–520 BC A native Egyptian rebel in the Delta.
Nebkaenre Psamtik IV Possibly in the 480s BC A proposed native Egyptian rebel leader. Exact date uncertain.
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