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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

The Twenty-ninth Dynasty (399-379 BC) was a native Egyptian short-lived dynasty with their capital at Mendes. It was founded after the overthrow of Amenirdisu of Sais, the only Pharaoh of the 28th Dynasty, by Nayfaurud I in 398 BC, and disestablished upon the overthrow of Nayfaurud II in 379 BC.

Twenty-ninth Dynasty
Name Dates Comments
Baenre-Merynetjeru Nayfaurud I 399–393 BC (6 years) Defeated Amenirdisu of the 28th Dynasty in open battle and had him executed.
Khenemmaatre-Setepenkhnum Hagar 393–391 BC and 390–379 BC (13 years) Son of Nayfaurud I. Possibly dethroned by Pasherienmut for a year (391–390 BC), but re-established his kingship.
Userre-Setepenptah Pasherienmut 391–390 BC (1 year) Possibly dethroned Hagar for a year.
Nayfaurud II 379 BC (4 months) Son of Hagar. Was deposed and likely killed by Nectanebo I after ruling for only 4 months.
Twenty-ninth Dynasty (uncertain)
Name Dates Comments
Muthis Possibly 393 or 390 BC (±1 year) Existence and precise position in this dynasty remains highly doubtful. Only mentioned in Eusebius' epitome of Manetho's Aegyptiaca.


Nayfaurud IIHagarPasherienmutHagarNayfaurud I
Preceded by:
28th Dynasty
Late Period
29th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
30th Dynasty