Ancient Egypt Wiki
Ancient Egyptian: Abdju
Great Temple of Abydos

Façade of the Great temple of Seti I.©

Location el-Araba el-Madfuna
Coordinates 26°11′06″N 31°55′08″E
Region Upper Egypt
Nome Ta-Wer
Main deities Osiris
Monuments Great temple of Abydos,

Abydos (Egyptian: ꜣbḏw, modern: el-Araba el-Madfuna) is an Ancient Egyptian city on the west bank of the Nile, located in Upper Egypt. For the most part of ancient Egyptian history Abydos functioned as the provincial capital city of Ta-Wer, the eighth nome of Upper Egypt. However, during the unification of Egypt and the following Early Dynastic Period it ceded its political rank to Thinis.[1]

Notable Artifacts Discovered[]


The Osireion at Abydos.


  1. Maspero 1903, p. 333.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Clayton 2001.
  3. Amiran 1974, p. 4-12.
  4. Wilkinson 2001.
  5. Tyldesley 2006.
  6. Dodson & Hilton 2004.
  7. Rosalind & Janssen 1996.


  • Amiran, R., 1974: An Egyptian Jar Fragment with the Name of Narmer from Arad. Israel Exploration Journal. Vol. 24, No. 1.
  • Clayton, P.A., 2001: Chronicles of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Maspero, G., 1903: History of Egypt. In: Sayce, A.H. (ed.): History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria. Vol. 9, Kessinger Publishing.
  • Rosalind, M. and Janssen, J.J. (1996) Getting Old in Ancient Egypt. Rubicon Press, London.
  • Tyldesley, J., 2006: The Complete Queens of Egypt. American University in Cairo Press.
  • Wilkinson, T.A.H., 2001: Early Dynastic Egypt. Routledge, London.