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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty


The Abydos Dynasty is hypothesized to have been a short-lived local dynasty ruling over parts of Middle and Upper Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period in Ancient Egypt. The Abydos Dynasty would have been contemporaneous with the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Dynasties, from approximately 1650 to 1600 BC. It would have been based in or around Abydos and its royal necropolis might have been located at the foot of the Mountain of Anubis, a hill resembling a pyramid in the Abydene desert, close to a rock-cut tomb built for pharaoh Senusret III.

The Abydos Dynasty, as well as the Thirteenth to Seventeenth Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Second Intermediate Period.

The following 16 entries of the Turin canon are attributed to the Abydos Dynasty by Kim Ryholt:[1]
Name Entry of the Turin canon
User[...]re Col 11. Line 16
User[...]re Col 11. Line 17
Eight kings lost Col 11. Line 18-25
[...]hebre Col 11. Line 26
Three kings lost Col 11. Line 27-29
[...]hebre (uncertain) Col 11. Line 30
[...]webenre Col 11. Line 31

Some of the above rulers may identify with the four attested kings tentatively attributable to the Abydos Dynasty, given here without regard for their (unknown) chronological order:

Name Chronological position
Useribre Senebkay Perhaps identifiable with a User[...]re of the Turin canon
Menkhaure Snaaib ?
Sekhemre-Neferkhau Wepwawetemsaf ?
Sekhemre-Khutawy Pantjeny ?

References[]

  1. Ryholt 1997.

Bibliography[]

  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
Preceded by:
13th Dynasty
Second Intermediate Period
Abydos Dynasty
Succeeded by:
17th Dynasty
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