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Ahhotep I
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ỉꜥḥ-ḥtp
"The Moon is Pleased/Satisfied"
AhhotepI

Ring of Queen Ahhotep I at the Louvre Museum, Paris.©

Dynasty 17th Dynasty
18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Tao IIThutmose I
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Daughter
King's Sister
King's Mother
United with the Beautiful White Crown
Father Ahmose I
Mother Tetisheri
Spouse(s) Tao II
Issue Kamose (?)
Ahmose II
Ahhotep II (?)
Ahmose-Nefertari
Ahmose-Henutemopet (?)
Ahmose-Meritamen (?)
Ahmose-Nebetta
Ahmose-Tumerisy (?)
Ahmose-Sipair (?)
Burial Deir el-Bahari
Not to be confused with Ahhotep II.

Ahhotep I (ancient Egyptian: ỉꜥḥ-ḥtp, "The Moon is Pleased/Satisfied") was an ancient Egyptian Queen of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Dynasty during the transition from the Second Intermediate Period to the New Kingdom.

Identification[]

It is generally agreed upon that there was more than one queen named Ahhotep during this transitional period. However, the numbering of namesake queens differs among scholars.

Some scholars argue that there was only one queen Ahhotep I, suggesting that the coffins of Deir el-Bahari and Dra' Abu el-Naga' belonged together as outer and inner coffin. Measurements of the coffin found in Dra' Abu el-Naga' however show that it is too large to have belonged with the Deir el Bahari coffin. This has been used to argue that Ahhotep II cannot be identical to Ahhotep I.[1] Both coffins also bear differing titles.[2]

The Deir el-Bahari coffin bears the title "King's Mother" and likely refers to the mother-son relationship of queen Ahhotep I and king Ahmose II,[1] since Ahhotep I is known from several attestations to have been the mother of Ahmose II. She was therefore the queen consort of his known father, Tao II. However, not a single object naming Tao II was found in the burial of Ahhotep II at Dra' Abu el-Naga',[2] which is also difficult to reconcile with the theory that she was identical to Ahhotep I.

Following Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, it is now considered that Ahhotep I was the owner of the Deir el Bahari coffin, the wife of Tao II and the mother of Ahmose II. Ahhotep II is now regarded as the queen identified from the gilded coffin found at Dra' Abu el-Naga' and, therefore, possibly a wife of Kamose.[3]

Titles[]

The titles inscribed on the Deir el Bahari coffin are King's Great Wife (ḥmt-nsw-wrt), United with the Beautiful White Crown (ḫnmt-nfr-ḥḏt), King's Daughter (sꜣt-nsw), King's Sister (snt-nsw), and King's Mother (mwt-nsw).[2]

Family[]

Ahhotep I is thought to be the principal wife and full-sister of Pharaoh Tao II. Her parents would thus be Pharaoh Ahmose I and Queen Tetisheri. Ahhotep I was the mother of Pharaoh Ahmose II and probably his predecessor Pharaoh Kamose as well. She might be the mother of prince Ahmose-Sipair, another son of Tao II. Her daughters include the following princesses; probably Ahhotep II (became queen consort of Kamose), Ahmose-Nefertari (became queen consort of Ahmose II), Ahmose-Henutemopet, possibly Ahmose-Meritamen, Ahmose-Nebetta, and possibly Ahmose-Tumerisy.

Bibliography[]

A stela from the reign of Ahmose II states that Ahhotep I may have rallied the troops and played a role in defending Thebes. It is not known when these events took place. They may have occurred after the death of Tao II or Kamose.

"She is the one who has accomplished the rites and taken care of Egypt... She has looked after her soldiers, she has guarded her, she has brought back her fugitives and collected together her deserters, she has pacified Upper Egypt and expelled her rebels."[3]

Ahhotep is mentioned on the Kares stela (CG 34003) which dates to regnal Year 10 of Amenhotep I, and her steward Iuf mentions her on his stela (CG 34009). Iuf refers to Ahhotep I as the mother of Ahmose II, and would later be the steward of Ahmose, the queen consort of Thutmose I. This suggests Ahhotep I may have died at a fairly advanced age during the reign of Thutmose I.

Burial[]

Ahhotep I's outer coffin was eventually reburied in TT320 at Deir el Bahari. The coffin shows the queen with a tripartite wig and a modius. The body is covered in a rishi-design (feathers) and is similar to the outer coffins of Ahmose-Nefertari and Ahmose-Meritamen.

Ahhotep I's original tomb is not known, unless she is identical to Ahhotep II, which seems unlikely.[3]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roth 1999.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ryholt 1997, p. 276.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Dodson & Hilton 2004.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Roth, A.M., 1999: The Ahhotep Coffins, Gold of Praise: Studies of Ancient Egypt in honor of Edward F. Wente.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
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