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Ahhotep II
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ỉꜥḥ-ḥtp
"The Moon is Pleased/Satisfied"
AhhotepII

Inner coffin of Ahhotep II at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Dynasty 17th and 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Tao IIAhmose II
Titles King's Great Wife
United with the Beautiful White Crown
Father Tao II
Mother Ahhotep I
Spouse(s) Kamose
Issue Ahmose-Sitkamose (?)
Burial Dra' Abu el-Naga'
Not to be confused with Ahhotep I.

Ahhotep II (ancient Egyptian: ỉꜥḥ-ḥtp, "The Moon is Pleased/Satisfied") was an ancient Egyptian Queen of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Dynasty during the trasition from the Second Intermediate Period to the New Kingdom.

Identification[]

It is generally agreed upon that there was more than one queen named Ahhotep during this transitional period. However, the numbering of namesake queens differs among scholars.

Some scholars argue that there was only one queen Ahhotep I, suggesting that the coffins of Deir el-Bahari and Dra' Abu el-Naga' belonged together as outer and inner coffin. Measurements of the coffin found in Dra' Abu el-Naga' however show that it is too large to have belonged with the Deir el Bahari coffin. This has been used to argue that Ahhotep II cannot be identical to Ahhotep I.[1] Both coffins also bear differing titles.[2]

The Deir el-Bahari coffin bears the title "King's Mother" and likely refers to the mother-son relationship of queen Ahhotep I and king Ahmose II,[1] since Ahhotep I is known from several attestations to have been the mother of Ahmose II. She was therefore the queen consort of his known father, Tao II. However, not a single object naming Tao II was found in the burial of Ahhotep II at Dra' Abu el-Naga',[2] which is also difficult to reconcile with the theory that she was identical to Ahhotep I.

Following Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton, it is now considered that Ahhotep I was the owner of the Deir el Bahari coffin, the wife of Tao II and the mother of Ahmose II. Ahhotep II is now regarded as the queen identified from the gilded coffin found at Dra' Abu el-Naga' and, therefore, possibly a wife of Kamose.[3]

Titles[]

The titles inscribed on the Dra' Abu el-Naga coffin are King's Great Wife (ḥmt-nsw-wrt) and United with the Beautiful White Crown (ḫnmt-nfr-ḥḏt).[2]

Family[]

Ahhotep II is thought to be the principal wife and full-sister of Pharaoh Kamose. Her parents would thus be Pharaoh Tao II and Queen Ahhotep I. Ahhotep II was possibly the mother of Queen Ahmose-Sitkamose. It must be noted, however, that if this were the case, the absence of the expected titles of "King's Daughter" and "King's Sister" requires explanation.

Burial[]

Ahhotep II was buried in Dra' Abu el-Naga' and rediscovered in 1858 by workmen employed by Auguste Mariette. The tomb contained her mummy (destroyed in 1859) and gold and silver jewelry. An inscribed ceremonial axe blade made of copper, gold, electrum and wood was decorated with a Minoan style griffin. Three golden flies were included and were awards usually given to people who served and acquitted themselves well in the army. A couple of items bore the name of Kamose, but more were inscribed with the name of Ahmose II.[4]

The Dra' Abu el-Naga' coffin and the items associated with it all have inscriptions using an early form of the crescent glyph. The representation of the hieroglyph changed between regnal Year 18 and 22 of Ahmose II. The use of the early form of the crescent glyph suggests that Queen Ahhotep II died sometime before Year 20 of Ahmose II. This suggests that this queen is not Ahhotep, mother of Ahmose, because that queen appears on a stela dated to Amenhotep I and possibly survived into the reign of Thutmose I.[1]

Crescent hieroglyph
Earlier form
N12
Later form
N11

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Roth 1999.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ryholt 1997, p. 276.
  3. Dodson & Hilton 2004.
  4. Tyldesley 2006.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Roth, A.M., 1999: The Ahhotep Coffins, Gold of Praise: Studies of Ancient Egypt in honor of Edward F. Wente.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
  • Tyldesley, J., 2006: Chronicles of the Queens of Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
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