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Ahmose-Sitkamose
N12mssG39t
H8
D28
D52
E1
ỉꜥḥ-ms sꜣt-kꜣ-ms
"Born of the Moon, Daughter of Kamose"
Ahmose-SitkamoseMummy

Mummy of Ahmose-Sitkamose found in TT320 (Smith 1912).

Dynasty 17th and 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Tao IIAhmose II
Titles King's Great Wife
God's Wife of Amun
King's Daughter
King's Sister
Father Kamose
Mother Ahhotep II
Spouse(s) Ahmose II
Burial TT320 (reburial)
For other pages by this name, see Ahmose.

Ahmose-Sitkamose (ancient Egyptian: ỉꜥḥ-ms sꜣt-kꜣ-ms, "Born of the Moon, Daughter of Kamose") or simply Sitkamose was an ancient Egyptian Princess and Queen of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Dynasty during the transition from the Second Intermediate Period to the New Kingdom.

Titles[]

Sitkamose is known to have held the titles; King's Daughter (sꜣt-nsw), King's Sister (snt-nsw) and King's Wife (ḥmt-nsw) during her lifetime. She is also attested with the titles; King's Great Wife (ḥmt-nsw-wrt) and God's Wife of Amun (ḥmt-nṯr n ỉmn), though these were probably attributed to her pusthumously by Pharaoh Ahmose II.[1]

Family[]

Given her name, Sitkamose was probably a daughter of Pharaoh Kamose.[1] If accepted, she was probably the daughter of his principal wife Queen Ahhotep II. Since Sitkamose held the title "King's Wife", she probably married her uncle Ahmose II (who might have been about the same age or younger than her).

Attestations[]

Sitkamose is mentioned on an Eighteenth Dynasty stela from Abydos (BM 297) now in the British museum.[2] She is also depicted with Ahmose-Nefertari on the sides of a statue from Karnak. The statue shows Amenhotep I seated on the lap of the goddess Mut.[3]

A royal lady named simply Kamose is mentioned in the TT2 tomb of Khabekhnet at Thebes. The God's wife and Lady of the Two Lands Kamose is depicted in the bottom row. It is possible that this lady is the same person as Ahmose-Sitkamose.

Burial[]

Sitkamose's original tomb remains unknown. She was later reburied in the royal cache at Deir el-Bahari, where her mummy was discovered in 1881. Sitkamose's mummy was reburied in the coffin of a man named Pediamun who lived during the 21st Dynasty.

Mummy[]

Her mummy was unwrapped by Gaston Maspero on June 19, 1886. Her mummy was rewrapped in Year 7 of Pharaoh Psusennes I. The linen dockets identify the lady as "King's Daughter, King's Sister and King's Great Wife Sitkamose, may she live!". Beneath the bandages, Maspero discovered the mummy of a woman who had died at approximately thirty years of age. Grafton Elliot Smith described her as "a large, powerfully-built, almost masculine woman".[4] Sitkamose's arms had been positioned so that her hands could rest over the pubic region, and Smith comments that this is very unusual for mummies of this period. Her teeth are only moderately worn, and her hair had not yet turned gray at the time of her death.[4]

Her mummy had been damaged by grave robbers, who had cut away most of the anterior body wall in their search for valuables. The left arm had been broken off at the shoulder, and the occipital region of the skull had been crushed and was completely missing.[4] Smith comments that the brain and its membranes are visible through the large opening in the back of the skull. He states that the fact these were not removed by the embalmers indicates the early date from which the mummy derives.[4] A black, resinous material coated the whole body, and in this dried substance remain impressions of various items of jewelry that had been removed by the thieves. Additional damage to the mummy was done by mice, who had gnawed the back of Sitkamose's left thigh and her right gluteal fold.[4]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 129.
  2. Porter & Moss 1970, p. 716.
  3. Gitton 1984.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Smith 1912.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Gitton, M., 1984: Les Divines Épouses de la 18e dynastie. Annales Littéraires de l'Université de Basançon. Vol. 306. Paris.
  • Porter, B./Moss, R., 1970: Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings: Volume I: The Theban Necropolis. Part II. Private Tombs Griffith Institute.
  • Smith, G.E., 1912: The Royal Mummies: Catalogue Général des Antiquités Égyptiennes du Musée de Caire. Duckworth (Reprinted year 2000 version).

External links[]

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