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Ahmose
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ỉꜥḥ-ms
"Born of the Moon"
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Ahmose IIThutmose I
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Sister
Hereditary Princess
Great of Praises
Mistress of the Two Lands
Father Ahmose II (?)
Mother Ahmose-Nefertari (?)
Spouse(s) Thutmose I
Issue Hatshepsut, Neferubity,
Amenmose (?)
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Ahmose.

Ahmose (transliteration: ỉꜥḥ-ms, meaning: "Born of the Moon") was an ancient Egyptian Queen of the 18th Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Titles[]

Ahmose is identified with an impressive array of titles: Hereditary Princess (ỉryt-pꜥt), Great of Praises (wrt-ḥzwt), Mistress of Great Beloved Sweetness (nbt-bnrt-ꜥꜣt-mrwt), King's Great Wife, his beloved (ḥmt-nỉswt-wrt mryt.f), Mistress of Gladness (ḥnwt-nḏm-ỉb), Mistress of All Women (ḥnwt-ḥmwt-nbwt), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-tꜣwy), Companion of Horus, his beloved (zmꜣyt-ḥrw-mryt.f), and King's Sister (snt-nswt).[1]

Family[]

Ahmose was the principal wife of Pharaoh Thutmose I and the mother of Hatshepsut, who went on to become one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs. She is also known to have had another daughter named Neferubity, from a depiction at Deir el-Bahari. Prince Amenmose was probably her son, since he is not mentioned in the Theban Mortuary chapel of Wadjmose, which attests her husband's secondary wife Mutnofret and her (probable) sons.

Ahmose's parentage remains uncertain,[2] but she is generally thought to be the daughter of Pharaoh Ahmose II and Queen Ahmose-Nefertari. Ahmose was never called a "King's Daughter". This fact creates some doubt about these theories about Ahmose's royal family connections. However, Ahmose did hold the title "King's Sister". This may suggest that she was a sister of Pharaoh Thutmose I and thus of non-royal birth.[3]

Attestations[]

Ahmose is attested on a stela found in Edfu, which is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo (inv.no. CG 34009, JdE 27091). The stela belongs to an official called Yuf, who recorded that queen Ahmose appointed him as assistant treasurer and entrusted him with the service to a statue of her majesty.[4]

Ahmose features prominently in the divine conception scenes. Hatshepsut had scenes created showing how the god Amun approached her mother, Ahmose, and how she (Hatshepsut) was of divine birth. Many years later Pharaoh Amenhotep III copied these scenes almost exactly to show how Amun visited his mother queen Mutemwia and conceived him.

Burial[]

The whereabouts of Ahmose's tomb and mummy remain unknown.

References[]

  1. Grajetzki 2005.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004.
  3. Tyldesley 2006.
  4. Breasted 1906, p. 44-46.

Bibliography[]

  • Breasted, J.H., 1906: ''Ancient Records of Egypt. Vol. 2, Chicago.
  • Grajetzki, W., 2005: Ancient Egyptian Queens: A Hieroglyphic Dictionary.
  • Tyldesley, J., 2006: Chronicles of the Queens of Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
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