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Preceded by:
Amenemhat III
Pharaoh of Egypt
12th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Sobekneferu
Amenemhat IV
Amenemhet4

Small gneiss sphinx inscribed with the name of Amenemhat IV, reworked in Ptolemaic times now is on display at the British Museum, London.

Reign
1815-1806 BC (9 years)
Praenomen Maatkherure
The Voice of Re is True
Nomen Amenemhat
Amun is in Front
Horus name Kheperkheperu
Everlasting of Manifestations
Nebty name Sehebtawy
The Two Ladies, who make
the Two Lands Festive
Golden Horus Sekhemnetjeru
Powerful One of the Gods
Legacy
Father Amenemhat III (?)
Mother Hetepi
Issue Sobekhotep I (?), Sonbef (?)
Died 1806 BC
Burial Southern Mazghuna pyramid
For other pages by this name, see Amenemhat.

Amenemhat IV (transliteration: ỉmn-m-ḥt, meaning: "Amun is in Front", c. 1815 – 1806 BCE) was the penultimate Pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty during the Middle Kingdom. He served first as a junior coregent to Amenemhat III and completed the latter's temple at Medinet Madi. The Temple of Medinet Madi is "the only intact temple still existing from the Middle Kingdom" according to Zahi Hawass, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA).[1] The temple's foundations, administrative buildings, granaries and residences were recently uncovered by an Egyptian archaeological expedition in early 2006. Amenemhat IV likely also built a temple in the northeastern Fayum at Qasr el-Sagha.

The Turin Canon papyrus attributes Amenemhet IV a reign of 9 Years 3 Months and 27 days. He served the first year of his reign as the junior co-regent to his powerful predecessor, Amenemhat III according to a rock graffito in Nubia. His short reign was relatively peaceful and uneventful; several dated expeditions were recorded at the mines Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai during his reign. It was shortly after his death that the gradual decline of the Middle Kingdom is thought to have begun.

Amenemhet4 (1)

Amenemhat IV

Amenemhat died without an eligible male heir, and was succeeded by his half-sister (or perhaps his aunt) Sobeknefru, who became the first woman in about 1500 years to rule Egypt. He may have been Sobeknefru's spouse but no historical evidence currently substantiates this theory.

Bibliography[]

  • Grajetzki, W., 2006: The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History, Archaeology and Society. Duckworth, London.
  • Shaw, I./Nicholson, P., 1995: The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers.

External links[]

Predecessor:
Amenemhat III
Pharaoh of Egypt
12th Dynasty
Successor:
Sobekneferu
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