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"Amun is on the Divine Barque"

Prince Setemwia depicted on a stela at Tanis. ©Majed Hassieb

Dynasty Nineteenth Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Seti IRamesses II
Titles King's Son
Commander of the Troops
Father Ramesses II
Burial KV5

Amenemwia (ancient Egyptian: ỉmn-m-wyꜣ, "Amun is on the Divine Barque") was an ancient Egyptian Prince of the 19th Dynasty during the New Kingdom.


Originally called Amenemwia, he changed his name to Setemwia around Year 20 of Ramesses II, which is around the same time his eldest brother changed his name from Amunherkhepeshef to Setherkhepeshef.[1] There is some speculation that he was known as Amenemwia in Upper Egypt and Setemwia in Lower Egypt.


Amenemwia was a son of Pharaoh Ramesses II and the eighth son in the procession of princes.[2] The identity of his mother remains unknown, but he is probably not the son of one of his father's principal wives, Nefertari or Isetnofret. Given his high position in the procession of princes, Amenemwia was probably the firstborn son by a minor wife and born during the latter years of his grandfather Seti I's reign.


Amenemwia was present during the triumph after the Battle of Kadesh in Year 5, at the Siege of Tunip in Year 8, and at the Siege of Dapur in Year 10. He held the title Commander of the Troops. Some time around Year 21 a minor revolt took place in Nubia. Pharaoh Ramesses II sent an army led by princes Amenemwia (now named Setemwia) and Merneptah to assist the Viceroy of Kush which crushed the rebels. Seven thousand prisoners were captured and the triumph was commemorated on the main gate at the town of Amara.[3]


Since Merneptah (who is ranked lower than Setemwia in procession) became Crown Prince after the death of Khaemwaset, Setemwia most likely predeceased the latter.[4] Hence, Setemwia also predeceased his father and was likely buried in KV5 in the Valley of the Kings, a large rock-cut tomb built for the sons of Ramesses II.

See also[]


  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 170.
  2. Kitchen 1983.
  3. Tyldesley 2000.
  4. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 173.


  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1983: Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II, King of Egypt. Aris & Phillips.
  • Tyldesley, J., 2000: Ramesses: Egypt's Greatest Pharaoh. Viking/Penguin Books, London.