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Amenia
imn
n
iAB1
ỉmn-ỉꜣ
HoremhebAmenia

Statue of Horemheb and his wife Amenia at the British Museum, London.©British Buseum

Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Tutankhamun and Ay
Titles Chantress of Amun
Spouse(s) Horemheb
Burial Saqqara tomb of Horemheb

Amenia (ancient Egyptian: ỉmn-ỉꜣ) was an ancient Egyptian noblewoman of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom. She was the first wife of Horemheb and died before her husband became Pharaoh, during the reign of Ay[1][2] or early during the reign of Tutankhamun.[3]

Burial[]

Amenia was buried in the tomb of Horemheb at Saqqara, which he constructed before he ascended to the throne and never used for his own burial. Amenia was interred in the upper suite in shaft IV, alongside his second wife Mutnedjmet.[4]

Amenia was represented in the tomb in both inscriptions and statues. She was possibly depicted in a scene in the great courtyard of the tomb, and in a scene in the entrance to the main chapel. She was shown in statues with Horemheb found in two of the chapels of the tomb. Columns in the Second Courtyard show her name Amenia and show her to be a Chantress of Amun.[5]

The British Museum double statue EA 36[]

In 2009, it was discovered that a hitherto unidentified double statue in the British Museum (EA 36) was in fact a statue of Horemheb and his wife Amenia. The statue was acquired by the British Museum in 1837 from the Anastasi collection. The double statue is somewhat different from other statues in that the wife is shown holding her husband's hand with both of hers. The three clasped hands had broken off. In 1976 the three clasped hands were found during the excavation of Horemheb's tomb. In 2009 a plaster cast was made of the clasped hands and the cast was used to show it was a perfect match for the British Museum double statue, thereby showing the statue was associated with Horemheb's Saqqara tomb.[6]

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 154.
  2. Martin 1992.
  3. Van Dijk 1993.
  4. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 154.
  5. Martin 1977, p. 13-19.
  6. In Horemheb's hands: The British Museum double statue EA 36. Archived 2012-08-29 at the Wayback Machine from Saqqara.nl, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden and Universiteit Leiden. Said to be published in The Memphite Tomb of Horemheb V.

Bibliography[]

  • Dijk, J. van, 1993: The New Kingdom Necropolis of Memphis. Historical and Iconographical Studies, Groningen.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Martin, G.T., 1977: Excavations at the Memphite Tomb of Horemḥeb. 1976: Preliminary Report, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 63.
  • Martin, G.T., 1992: The Hidden Tombs of Memphis: New Discoveries from the Time of Tutankhamun and Ramesses the Great. New Aspects of Antiquity. Thames & Hudson, London.
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