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View of the temple site in 2014. (CC BY 3.0)

The Mortuary temple of Amenhotep III, also known as the Amenophium, is the mortuary temple of Pharaoh Amenhotep III of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom. The site is currently known as Kom el-Hetan (Arabic: كوم الحيطان). It is located on the west bank of the Nile river at the Theban Necropolis in Upper Egypt, across from the modern city of Luxor (ancient Thebes). It was the largest built Theban funerary complex.[1]

The Architect who oversaw the construction was Amenhotep-Sihapu. Because the mortuary temple was built relatively close to the river, the annual flooding caused the site to decay at a more rapid rate. As a result, only parts of the mortuary temple's layout remain, as well as the famous Colossi of Memnon, which are two large stone statues placed at the main entrance measuring 18 meters (59 feet) high.[2]

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See also[]


  1. Kozloff & Bryan 1992.
  2. Wilkinson 2000.


  • Kozloff, A./Bryan, B., 1992: Egypt's Dazzling Sun: Amenhotep III and His World. Cleveland Museum of Art Bookstore.
  • Wilkinson, R., 2000: The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.