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Statue of Anen in the Museo Egizio, Turin.©

Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Amenhotep III
Titles Second Prophet of Amun
Sem Priest of Ra
God's Father
Father Yuya
Mother Tjuyu
Burial TT120

Anen (ancient Egyptian: ꜥꜣ-nn) was an ancient Egyptian nobleman of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.


See also: 18th Dynasty Family Tree.

Anen was the son of Yuya and Tjuyu and the brother of Queen Tiye, the wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep III.[1] The King's Great Wife was the highest Egyptian religious position, serving alongside of the pharaoh in official ceremonies and rituals.

Inscriptions on Anen's own monuments do not mention that he was Amenhotep III's brother-in-law.[2] However, this relationship is established by a short but clear reference to him in his mother Tjuyu's coffin, which stated that her son Anen was the "Second Prophet of Amun". Other important positions he held during the reign of Amenhotep III were; "Chancellor of Lower Egypt", "Sem Priest of Ra", and "God's Father".[3]

Ay might have been a brother of Anen.[4] Ay was an Egyptian courtier active during the reign of Akhenaten, who eventually became pharaoh as Kheperkheperure Ay. There is no conclusive evidence, however, regarding the kinship of his father Yuya and Ay, although certainly both men came from the town of Panopolis.[5]


A surviving statue of Anen is now in the Museo Egizio, Turin (Inv. No. 5484 / Cat. 1377). A shabti of his is now in The Hague.


Anen was buried in his TT120 rock-cut tomb at Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, a necropolis on the west bank of the Nile opposite Thebes. It is likely that Anen died before Year 30 of Amenhotep III, since he is not mentioned in texts relating to the pharaoh's Sed festival.[6] In the last decade of Amenhotep III's reign another man, Simut, took over Anen's place as Second Prophet of Amun. Simut had been Fourth Prophet of Amun previously.


  1. Rice 1999, p. 207.
  2. O'Connor & Cline 1998, p. 5-6.
  3. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 157.
  4. Rice 1999, p. 222.
  5. David & David 1992, p. 167.
  6. Aldred 1989, p. 220.


  • Aldred, C., 1989: Akhenaten, King of Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • David, A.E./David, R., 1992: A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Seaby, London.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • O'Connor, D./Cline, E., 1998: Amenhotep: Perspectives on his Reign. University of Michigan.
  • Rice, M., 1999: Who's Who in Ancient Egypt. Routledge.