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Preceded by:
Yaqub-Har (?)
Pharaoh of Egypt
15th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Khamudi
Apepi
Manetho: Apophis
SphinxApepi

A Sphinx of Amenemhat III reinscribed in the name of Apepi. One of the so-called "Hyksos Sphinxes" (Wallis Budge 1902).

Reign
c. 1580-1540 BC (40+ years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
t
<
raO29
Z1
a
Y1
F12s
>
Aauserre
Great is the power of Re
Nomen
G39ra
<
iA2p
p
i
>
Apepi
One of Apep
Horus name
G5sR4t
p
N19O33
Sehoteptawy
He Who Pacifies the Two Lands
Legacy
Consort(s) Tani (?)
Issue Apepi, Herit
Burial Unknown
Not to be confused with Apepi (lesser).

Aauserre Apepi (transliteration: ỉppỉ, meaning: "One of Apep") was a Hyksos Pharaoh of the Fifteenth Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period, when Egypt was divided between the Theban-based Seventeenth Dynasty in Upper Egypt and the Avaris-based Fifteenth Dynasty of the Hyksos, who controlled Lower Egypt and part of Middle Egypt.[1]

Apepi ruled from Avaris in the Nile Delta as a contemporary ruler to the Theban successive pharaohs Sobekemsaf II, Intef V, Intef VI, Intef VII, Tao I, Ahmose I, Tao II and Kamose in the south.

Attestations[]

Prince Apophis scarabs[]

There are also five scarab-seals inscribed with "King's Son Apophis". Based on their stylistic features, Kim Ryholt suggests that they regard two different princes:[2]

  • The first three scarab seals may be confidently catagorized under William Ayres Ward's scarab-type group 2, which includes King Sheshi.[3] Ryholt refers to this individual as "Apophis A", who he sees as possibly a son of Sheshi or a close successor.[4] Thereby perhaps allowing a potential identification with King Apepi of the 14th Dynasty. However, Ward and Ben-Tor date this scarab-type group to the Hyksos period.[3][5] In their seriation of the scarab-seals, this prince Apophis would most likely be identical to the Hyksos ruler Apepi.
  • The remaining two scarabs inscribed with "King's Son Apophis" are catagorized under William Ayres Ward's scarab-type group 4,[3] for which there is consensus on a dating to the late 15th Dynasty of the Hyksos. Hence, this second prince Apophis – dubbed "Apophis B" by Ryholt – is almost certainly the Hyksos ruler of the same name[2] or his son.
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References[]

  1. Ryholt 1997.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ryholt 2018, p. 259.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ward 1984.
  4. Ryholt 2018, p. 260.
  5. Ben-Tor et al. 1999, p. 58.

Bibliography[]

  • Ben-Tor, D./Allen S.J./Allen J.P., 1999: Seals and Kings. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR) 315.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, c. 1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
  • Ryholt, K., 2018: Seals and History of the 14th and 15th Dynasties. In: The Hyksos Ruler Khyan and the Early Second Intermediate Period in Egypt: Problems and Priorities of Current Research. Edited by I. Forstner-Müller and N. Moeller. Vienna: Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut.
  • Wallis Budge, E.A., 1902: A History of Egypt. Vol. III.
  • Ward, W.A. 1984: Royal-Name Scarabs. In: O. Tufnell, Scarab Seals and their Contribution to History in the Early Second Millennium B.C. Studies on Scarab Seals 2. Warm-inster: Aris & Phillips.
Predecessor:
Yaqub-Har (?)
Pharaoh of Egypt
Fifteenth Dynasty
Successor:
Khamudi
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