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Bab el-Gasus
Priestly Cache/Second Cache
Location Deir el-Bahari,
Theban Necropolis
Coordinates 25.7379°N
32.6086°E
Discovery 1891
Excavation Eugène Grebaut and Georges Daressy
Status Found intact
Closed to the public
Dynasty 21st Dynasty
Occupants 153 priests/ chantresses
Type Rock-cut tomb
Layout Single chamber,
long wide corridors
Decoration Undecorated

Bab el-Gasus (meaning  'Gate of the Priests' in Arabic), also known as the Priestly Cache or Second Cache, is a rock-cut tomb located north of the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut at the necropolis Deir el-Bahari. It was discovered in 1891 and excavated by French Egyptologists Eugène Grebaut and Georges Daressy, with Urbain Bouriant and Ahmed Kamal, on the direction of Mohamed Ahmed Abd al‑Rassul, who had also revealed the location of the Royal Cache in 1881. It is the largest intact tomb ever found in Egypt containing funeral equipment of a total 153 priests and chantresses of Amun interred in the cache. The find was significant for Egyptology, particularly in respect of religion, mummification, and coffin studies.[1]

Occupants[]

Here follows a list of notable occupants of the tomb:[2]

Name Title(s) Comments
Amenhatpamesha God's Father of Amun and Mut, Overseer of the Chariotry
Amenhotep God's Father of Amun-Re, Scribe of the Recruits, Wab Priest of Mut Coffins in the Smithsonian in Washington.
Amenniutnakhte Chamberlain, God's Father of Amun, Chief Wab Priest Coffins in Cairo.
Amenempermut God's Father of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Ankhefenkhonsu God's Father of Amun-Re Coffins in Cairo.
Ankhefenkhonsu God's Father of Amun, Chief Goldsmith, Chief Wab Priest Coffins in Copenhagen, Book of the Dead in the Vatican Museums.
Ankhefenkhonsu Wab Priest Coffins in Madrid.
Ankhefenkhonsu Wab Priest of Amun
Ankhefenmut God's Father of Amun and Mut Son of High Priest of Amun Menkheperre.
Ankhesenmut Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut Coffins in Cairo.
Bakenmut God's Father of Mut, Wab Priest, Goldsmith Coffins in Istanbul.
Bakenmut God's Father of Mut Coffin at the British Museum.
Dikhonsuiry God's Father of Amun-Re, Royal Scribe, Scribe in the Domain of Amun, Wab Priest of Khonsu Coffins in Cairo.
Djedkhonsiuefankh (?) God's Father of Amun-Re, Steward, Overseer of the Granary, Chief Scribe of Amun-Re Son of Shedsuhor. Might be buried elsewhere.
Djedkhonsiuefankh Wab Priest of Amun-Re Coffins at Paris.
Djedmaatiuesankh Chantress of Amun-Re
Djedmutiuesankh Chantress of Amun Coffin in Istanbul.
Djedmutiuesankh Chantress of Amun-Re Coffin in Cairo.
Direpu Chantress of Amun-Re Coffins in Cairo.
Gautseshen Chief of the Harem of Amun in the Third Phyle, Chief of the Harem of Montu, Chantress of Aun and Mut Daughter of the High Priest of Amun Menkheperre. Coffins in Cairo.
Gautseshen Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut Daughter of Tjanefer and Gautseshen. Coffins in Cairo.
Henuttawy Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut Coffins in Cairo. Known for being one of the so-called "cocaine mummies".
Herweben Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re, Second Priestess of Mut, Chantress of Amun-Re Daughter of High Priest of Amun Pinedjem II and Isetemakhbit. Coffins in Cairo.
Hori Priest of Amun-Re, Khonsu, Hathor, Set of Sepermeru, Sobek and Anubis, God's Father of Mut and Khonsu Son of High Priest of Amun Menkheperre. Coffins in Cairo.
Ihy Chantress of Amun-Re, Lady of the House Coffins in Madrid.
Iset Chantress of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Iseti Chantress of Amun-Re Coffins in Cairo.
Isetemakhbit Chantress of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Isetemakhbit Chantress of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Isetemakhbit Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut May have been the wife of Payefadjer. Coffins in Cairo.
Isetemakhbit Chantress of Amun-Re, Lady of the House Coffins in Cairo.
Khaes Chantress of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Khonsuemheb Priest of Khonsu-Ra, God's Father of Amun-Ra, Counter of Grain in the Domain of Amun Coffins in the British Museum.
Khonsuenrenep Wab Priest of Amun, Scribe in the Domain of Khonsu, Steward of the Domain of the Viceroy of Kush Coffins in Cairo.
Khonsumose Scribe in the Domain of Amun-Re Coffins in Florence.
Khonsumose Wab Priest of Amun-Re, Scribe in the Domain of Amun Coffins in Alexandria.
Khonsumose Wab Priest of Amun and Mut, Scribe in the Domain of Amun Coffins in Uppsala.
Maatkare Chantress of Amun Daughter of Pinedjem II and Isetemakhbit. Coffins in Cairo.
Mehunedjem His shabtis were found in the tomb, though he cannot be matched with any of the "anonymous" coffins or mummies.
Menkheperre Third Prophet of Amun, Sem Priest, God's Father of Khonsu, Overseer of the Cattle in the Domain of Amun-Re Son of Tjanefer and Gautseshen. Coffins in Cairo.
Meritamen Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut Daughter of Menkheperre and Isetemakhbit.
Nesamun Fourth Prophet of Amun, God's Father of Amun Son of Tjanefer and Gautseshen. Coffins in Cairo.
Nesamenopet Wab Priest of Amun, Scribe of the Treasury of the Domain of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Neskhonsu Chantress of Amun One coffin in Cairo, the other in Istanbul.
Nesmut Chantress of Amun Coffin in Odessa.
Nespaheran God's Father of Amun and Ma'at, Wab Priest of Khonsu, Scribe in the Domain of Amun Coffins in the Suez Museum.
Nespaherentahat Fourth Prophet of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Nespaqashuty Overseer of the Treasury of the domain of the Divine Adoratrice of Amun, God's Father of Amun-Re Coffins in Cairo.
Nespaneferher Priest of Amun, God's Father of Amun and Mut, Scribe of the Recruits in the Domain of Amun
Nespautytawy Wab Priest of Amun and Mut, Scribe of the Temple of Amun Coffins in Vienna.
Nespernub Overseer of the Priests, God's Father of Amun-Re, Mut and Khonsu, Priest of Thoth, Scribe of the Temple of Mut Coffins in Vienna.
Nestanebettawy Chantress of Amun Coffins in Leiden.
Nestawadjet Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut Coffins in Odessa.
Padiamun Chief Lector Priest of Amun, God's Father of Amun-Re Son of Pakharu. Coffins in Cairo.
Padiamun Wab Priest of Amun, Scribe of the Embalming House of Amun-Re Coffins in Cairo.
Padiamun God's Father of Amun Husband of Henuttawy. Coffins in Cairo.
Pakharu God's Father of Amun, Chief Lector Priest of Amun, Mut and Khonsu Father of Padiamun. Coffins in Cairo.
Panebenkemitnakhte God's Father of Amun, Scribe of the Treasury in the Domain of Amun Coffin in Cairo.
Psusennes God's Father of Amun, Priest of Sobek Coffin in Cairo.
Payefadjer Chief Lector Priest and Wab Priest of Amun Coffin in Cairo.
Saatkhonsu Chantress of Amun Coffins in Berlin.
Shedsuamun Scribe of the Recruits, Scribe of the Treasury of Amun, Wab Priest of Amun and Montu-Re Coffin in Cairo.
Shedsuhor Chief Steward of Amun-Re, Overseer of the Granary, God's Father of Amun-Re, Chief Scribe of Amun-Re Father of Djedkhonsiuefankh. Coffins in Athens.
Tabaketenkhonsu Chantress of Amun-Re and Mut Coffins in Vienna.
Tadimut Chantress of Amun-Re Coffins in Berlin.
Tashedkhonsu Chantress and Priestess of Amun-Re and Mut, Priestess of Nekhbet Probably wife of Userhatmose. Coffins in Cairo.
Tawadjetre Chantress of Amun, Mut and Ptah Daughter of Tayuheret. Coffins in Cairo.
Tentopet Chief of the Harem of Amun in the Second Phyle, Chantress of Amun Coffins in Cairo.
Tentosorkon Chantress of Amun-Re
Tenttawy (?) She cannot be matched with any of the "anonymous" coffins or mummies.
Tjanefer Second Prophet of Amun, Overseer of the Cattle, Priest of Montu and Khnum Husband of Gautseshen.
Tjenetpenherunefer Chantress of Amun Coffins in Leiden.
Userhatmose Wab Priest of Amun and Mut, Scribe of the Treasury of the Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re Probably husband of Tashedkhonsu. Coffins in Cairo.
Wadjet (?) Her shabti series might have come from the tomb, in which case she was buried here.

See also[]

References[]

  1. "Burial Assemblages from Bab el-Gasus in the Geographical Society of Lisbon". Monumenta Aegyptiaca, 14​. Rogério​ Sousa.
  2. "Bab el-Gasus". Ushabtis.com.
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