Modern ruins of Buto

Buto was a settlement located in Lower Egypt.

Early Dynastic Egypt

A shrine from this district is thought to be depicted on the Narmer Macehead due to the shrine with a pitched roof with heron on top as this is the shrine of Djebaut, a district of Buto in north-western Delta. However this theory is complicated by the wavy walled enclosure shown which looks like a structure recently found at Hierakonpolis[1][2]. Buto is mentioned later in the reign of Hor-Aha from a wooden label who is said to have visited the ḏbˤwt (Djebaut) shrine[1], and again in the reign of Djer when he is said to have visited Buto and Sais[3].


  1. 1.0 1.1 Wilkinson, T, A, H. (2001) Early Dynastic Egypt London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-26011-6.
  2. Tyldesley, J. (2006) The Complete Queens of Egypt Cairo: American University Press.
  3. Clayton, P.A (2001) Chronicles of the Pharaohs London: Thames & Hudson.
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