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Buto
Ancient Egyptian: Per-Wadjet
pr
Z1
M13I10t
O49
pr-wꜣḏ.t
"House of Wadjet"
Buto11

Ruins of ancient Buto at Tell el-Fara'in.

Location Tell el-Fara'in
Coordinates 31°11′47″N 30°44′41″E
Region Lower Egypt
Nome Nit-Mehu
Main deities Wadjet

Buto (ancient Egyptian: pr-wꜣḏ.t, modern: Tell el-Fara'in) is an Ancient Egyptian city in Lower Egypt, located in the western Nile Delta. It was governed under Nit-Mehu, the fifth nome of Lower Egypt.

The main priesthood of Wadjet was situated at Buto.

History[]

Early Dynastic Period[]

A shrine from this district is thought to be depicted on the Narmer Macehead due to the shrine with a pitched roof with heron on top as this is the shrine of Djebaut, a district of Buto in north-western Delta. However this theory is complicated by the wavy walled enclosure shown which looks like a structure recently found at Hierakonpolis.[1][2] Buto is mentioned later in the reign of Hor-Aha from a wooden label who is said to have visited the ḏbꜥwt (Djebaut) shrine,[1] and again in the reign of Djer when he is said to have visited Buto and Sais.[3]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wilkinson 2001.
  2. Tyldesley 2006.
  3. Clayton 2001.

Bibliography[]

  • Clayton, P.A., 2001: Chronicles of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Tyldesley, J., 2006: The Complete Queens of Egypt. American University in Cairo Press.
  • Wilkinson, T.A.H., 2001: Early Dynastic Egypt. Routledge, London.
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