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Palermo Stone

Palermo Stone

The Cairo Annal Stone is part of a series of fragments which show the year by year reign of a Pharaoh, created in the 5th Dynasty to record Egypt's earliest kings though it excludes Merneith.[1]

Cairo Annal Stone[]

Palermo Stone[]

Known sections of the stone say:

Top Section

Second Line

  • Appearance of the King of Upper Egypt.[4]

Third Line

  • Appearance of the King of Lower Egypt. (Ḫˤt-bity) (Another theory for the Narmer Palette is that this is the event portrayed on its surface.[4]


  • Appearances of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, which is possibly shown on a the tablet of King Den with double crown sat on a single dais.[4]
  • Merneith is attested as the mother of Den.[1][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tyldesley, J. (2006) The Complete Queens of Egypt Cairo: American University Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dodson, A & Hilton, D. (2005) The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9774249577
  3. J. H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part One, Chicago 1906
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Millet, N.B (1990) The Narmer Macehead and Related Object Journal of American Research Center in Egypt: Vol. 27, pp. 53-59