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Preceded by:
Psamtik III
Pharaoh of Egypt
27th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Smerdis
Cambyses II
Old Persian: 𐎣𐎲𐎢𐎪𐎡𐎹 (Kambujiya)
Koine Greek: Καμβῡ́σης (Kambuses)
Ancient Egyptian: Kambitjet
Latin: Cambyses
Cambyses Apis closeup

Stela depicting Cambyses II as Egyptian pharaoh worshipping a deceased Apis bull. (CC0)

Reign
525 – July 522 BC (3 years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
t
<
ramsswti
>
Ramessut
Offspring of Re
Nomen
G39N5
<
kmbiT
t
>
Kambitjet (Cambyses)
Horus name
G5
zmAN19
Srxtail2
Sematawy
Uniting the Two Lands
Legacy
Father Cyrus the Great
Mother Cassandane
Died July 522 BC
Burial Neyriz, Persis

Cambyses II (Old Persian: 𐎣𐎲𐎢𐎪𐎡𐎹, Romanized: Kambujiya) was the second King of Kings of the Achaemenid Persian Empire and founding Pharaoh of the Twenty-seventh Dynasty during the Late Period of ancient Egypt. He was the son and successor of Cyrus the Great and his mother was Cassandane.

Pharaoh of Egypt[]

Cambyses II was the first Persian to conquer Egypt. The conquest, planned by Cyrus the Great, was the most significant achievement of Cambyses’ reign. Cambyses overthrew Psamtik III, the last pharaoh of the 26th Dynasty, after the Battle of Pelusium. This victory was achieved from intelligence gathered from Polycrates of Samos; a Greek general in the Egyptian army.

While Pharaoh, Cambyses planned expeditions against Nubia, the Oasis of Amun (Siwa Oasis), and Libya. He himself set out against Nubia, but ran into logistical problems and had to abandoned the campaign. In Libya, the Persians conquered Kharga Oasis, but their army was exterminated in a sandstorm before reaching Siwa. As a result, the Libyan campaign was not attempted until Darius I.

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Predecessor:
Psamtik III
Pharaoh of Egypt
27th Dynasty
Successor:
Smerdis
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