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A Crown Prince is the heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. In ancient Egypt the title is usually and preferably held by the eldest King's Son alive. The female version of the title is Hereditary Princess.

In the New Kingdom, the title Iry-pat ("member of the elite") was often held exclusively by the crown prince and the title announced that the holder was the second ruler in the country. It is therefore translated as Crown Prince or Hereditary Prince during this period. Under Pharaoh Tutankhamun, Horemheb was officially designated the iry-pat or successor to this pharaoh but did not succeed the boy king since Ay intervened to seize the throne instead before Horemheb finally assumed power as pharaoh.

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