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Preceded by:
Masaharta
High Priest of Amun
21st Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Menkheperre
Djedkhonsiuefankh
Reign 1052–1051 BC (1 year)
Nomen
D&dAa1
n
M23iw
f
S34
Djedkhonsiuefankh
Khonsu Speaks and He Lives
Titles High Priest of Amun
King's Son
Father Pinedjem I (?)
Spouse(s) Djedmutiuesankh (?)
Issue […]re
Died 1051 BC
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Djedkhonsiuefankh.

Djedkhonsiuefankh (transliteration: ḏd-ḫns-ỉw-f-Ꜥnḫ, meaning: "Khonsu Speaks and He Lives") was a High Priest of Amun of the Twenty-first Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Djedkhonsiuefankh is only known from the bare mention of his name on the coffin of his son (now lost). There it reads, according to Cecil Torr: "[…]re, son of the first prophet of Amun, Djed-Khons-ef-ankh, son of the Lord of the Two Lands, Pinedjem, Beloved of Amun, first prophet of Amun", with the name Pinedjem enclosed in a cartouche.[1]

Family[]

See also: 21st Dynasty Family Tree.

Djedkhonsiuefankh is known to have been the son of a High Priest named Pinedjem. His father could thus be either Pinedjem I or Pinedjem II. Given the fact that Pinedjem's name is enclosed in a cartouche, Egyptologists usually consider Pinedjem I to be Djedkhonsiuefankh's father, since he is known to have proclaimed himself pharaoh thus writing his name in a cartouche. In this case, Djedkhonsiuefankh would be a (half-) brother of the High Priests Masaharta, Menkheperre, and the later pharaoh, Psusennes I.

However, Andrzej Niwiński has suggested that Djedkhonsiuefankh was not the son of Pinedjem I, but rather of Pinedjem II, and as such the great grandson of Pinedjem I.[2] In this case, the High Priest and later pharaoh Psusennes II would be his brother.

Djedkhonsiuefankh's wife is likely to have been Djedmutiuesankh, a Chief of the Harem of Amun,[3] who was buried the MMA 60 tomb at Deir el-Bahari.[4]

Biography[]

If his father was Pinedjem I, Djedkhonsiuefankh succeeded his brother Masaharta briefly during a time of great turmoil in the city of Thebes. Von Beckerath has even suggested that it is possible that he died a violent death, accounting for his very short reign.[5] Kitchen considered this possibility as well, but also stated that "this may be an over-dramatic interpretation of his brief rule".[6] Djedkhonsiuefankh is supposed to have been succeeded as High Priest by his brother Menkheperre, which seems to imply that his son "[...]re" either predeceased him, was too young to succeed or was simply passed over for other reasons.

As the son of Pinedjem II, Niwiński identifies him with the main official mentioned with the burials of Neskhonsu in Year 5 of king Siamun and Pinedjem II in Year 10 of the same king. He postulates that Psusennes II, who probably succeeded their father Pinedjem II as High Priest and succeeded in uniting this title with that of king, had Djedkhonsiuefankh act as his deputy in Thebes. The title of High Priest on his coffin would then be given posthumously by his son "[...]re". Niwiński also points out that theophoric names as Djedkhonsiuefankh mainly appear very late in the 21st Dynasty.

Burial[]

The whereabouts of Djedkhonsiuefankh's tomb and mummy remain unknown.

References[]

  1. Kitchen 1996, p. 68.
  2. Niwiński 1984, p. 81–88.
  3. Kitchen 1996, p. 67.
  4. Dodson & Hilton 2004.
  5. Kitchen 1996, p. 260, note 92.
  6. Kitchen 1996, p. 69.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt. Aris & Phillips, Warminster.
  • Niwiński, A., 1984: Three More Remarks in the Discussion of the History of the Twenty-First Dynasty. BES 6.
Predecessor:
Masaharta
High Priest of Amun
21st Dynasty
Successor:
Menkheperre
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