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Duathathor-Henuttawy
Henuttawy
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O10N14
t H8
W10 t
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dwꜥt-ḥwt-ḥrw ḥnw.t-tꜣwy
"Adorer of Hathor,
Mistress of the Two Lands"
Duathathor-Henuttawy Mummy

Mummy of Duathathor-Henuttawy (Smith 1912).

Dynasty 20th and 21st Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Ramesses XISmendes I
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Daughter
King's Mother
Lady of the Two Lands
Mistress of the Two Lands
Chief Chantress of Amun
Father Ramesses XI (?)
Mother Tentamun
Spouse(s) Pinedjem I
Issue Psusennes I, Maatkare, Menkheperre, Mutnedjmet, Henuttawy, Nespaneferher (?)
Burial TT320 (reburial)
For other pages by this name, see Henuttawy.

Duathathor-Henuttawy (transliteration: dwꜤt-ḥwt-ḥrw ḥnw.t-tꜢwy, meaning: "Adorer of Hathor, Mistress of the Two Lands") was an ancient Egyptian princess and queen of the late Twentieth and early Twenty-first Dynasty during the transition from the New Kingdom to the Third Intermediate Period.

Titles[]

Duathathor-Henuttawy held many titles, including; King's Daughter, King's Wife, King's Mother, Lady of the Two Lands, Mistress of the Two Lands, Daughter of the King's Great Wife, Chief Chantress of Amun, Mother of the King's Great Wife, Mother of the High Priest of Amun, and Mother of Generalissimo.[1]

Family[]

See also: 21st Dynasty Family Tree.

Duathathor-Henuttawy was probably a daughter of the last Ramesside Pharaoh Ramesses XI and his queen consort Tentamun.[2]

Edward F. Wente had shown that Henuttawy was the wife of Pinedjem I, the Theban High Priest of Amun who was de facto ruler of Upper Egypt and took on pharaonic titles later on. She was the mother of Pharaoh Psusennes I and his queen consort, Mutnedjmet, the High Priest of Amun and Generalissimo Menkheperre, the God's Wife of Amun Maatkare, and a Chantress of Amun Henuttawy. Duathathor-Henuttawy may also be the mother of Nespaneferher, whose mother remains unknown.

Burial[]

Duathathor-Henuttawy's original tomb remains unknown.[3] Her mummy and coffins were found in the royal cache along with those of several members of her immediate family.[1][3]

Mummy[]

Henuttawy's mummy was found in a set of two wooden coffins. The coffins must have been covered in gold, but all of the gold had been adzed off. They are now in the Egyptian Museum of Cairo. The mummy was damaged by tomb robbers. In the search for the heart scarab the main part of the chest area had been penetrated.[3] Packing linen under a subject's skin had become common practice in 20th Dynasty mummification, but had caused the flesh on the face of Lady Henuttawy to burst open. The face was restored after discovery.[1]

Egyptologist Auguste Mariette purchased two large funerary papyrus rolls that are thought to have belonged to Queen Duathathor-Henuttawy.[3]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 205-206.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 192-194.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Forbes 1998, p. 50, 651-652.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Forbes, D.C., 1998: Tombs, Treasures, Mummies: Seven Great Discoveries of Egyptian Archaeology. KMT Communications.
  • Smith, G.E., 1912: The Royal Mummies. Duckworth. (Reprinted year 2000 version).
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