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Hedjwer
T3G36
ḥḏ-wr
"The Great White One"
The Great White

Statue of the "Great White" at the Egyprian Museum, Berlin.

Period of
worship
Late Predynastic Period[1]
Titles "The Great White One"
Symbol(s) White baboon, Eye of Horus
Association Sun, baboons
Appearance White baboon
Egyptian
equivalent(s)
Babi (?)

Hedjwer is an ancient Egyptian baboon deity from the Late Predynastic Period (c. 3000 BC).[1] He is the oldest known baboon god.

The baboon was considered a sacred solar animal in ancient Egyptian religion[2] with Hedjwer being a solar deity thus represented as a baboon.

A very early depiction of him may originate from the reign of Narmer with a baboon statue inscribed with the Pharaoh's name being discovered.[3]

Hedjwer might have merged with another seperate baboon god Babi at some point. Due to the association of baboons with the god of wisdom, Thoth, both Hedjwer and Babi might have become aspects of him.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wilkinson 2003, p. 12.
  2. Wilkinson 2003, p. 196.
  3. Wilkinson 2001.

Bibliography[]

  • Wilkinson, T.A.H., 2001: Early Dynastic Egypt. Routledge, London.
  • Wilkinson, R.H., 2003: The complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
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