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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Predynastic Period
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
Middle Kingdom
11th 12th
Second Intermediate Period
13th 14th 15th 16th 17th
Abydos Dynasty
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Hellenistic Period
Argead Dynasty
Ptolemaic Dynasty

The Hellenistic Period of Ancient Egypt (332-30 BC) began when the Macedonian Empire conquered Egypt from the Achaemenid Empire.

The Ancient Greek word Hellas (Ἑλλάς, Ellás) was originally the widely recognized name of Greece, from which the word Hellenistic was derived. The term "Hellenistic" refers to that which is influenced by Greek culture, in this case, the East after the conquests of Alexander the Great.

In 332 BC, Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great conquered Egypt as he toppled the Achaemenids and established the short-lived Macedonian Empire, which gave rise to the Hellenistic Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, founded in 305 BC by one of Alexander's former generals, Ptolemy I Soter.

The Ptolemies had to fight native rebellions and were involved in foreign and civil wars that led to the decline of the kingdom and its final annexation by Rome. The death of Cleopatra VI ended the nominal independence of Egypt, resulting in Egypt's becoming one of the provinces of the Roman Empire in 30 BC.

Argead Dynasty[]

The Argead Dynasty was an ancient Macedonian royal house. Under Alexander the Great, the kingdom of Macedonia gradually gained predominance throughout Greece, defeated the Achaemenid Empire and expanded as far as Egypt and India.

Ptolemaic Dynasty[]

The Ptolemies rose to power over the Egyptian fraction of the former Macedonian Empire.


Ptolemy XVPtolemy XIVArsinoë IVPtolemy XIIICleopatra VIIPtolemy XIIBerenice IVCleopatra VICleopatra VPtolemy XIIPtolemy XIBerenice IIIPtolemy IXPtolemy XCleopatra IVPtolemy IXCleopatra IICleopatra IIIPtolemy VIIIPtolemy VIICleopatra IIIPtolemy VIIICleopatra IIPtolemy VIPtolemy VIIICleopatra IIPtolemy VICleopatra IPtolemy VArsinoë IIIPtolemy IVBerenice IIPtolemy IIIArsinoë IIPtolemy IIPtolemy IAlexander IVPhilip IIIAlexander the GreatPtolemaic DynastyArgead Dynasty
Preceded by:
Late Period
Hellenistic Period
Succeeded by:
Roman Period