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Henutmire
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ḥnw.t-mỉ-rꜤ
"Mistress like Re"
Henutmire

Henutmire depicted on a statue of Queen Tuya at the Vatican. The lower half of her body has been restored in the 17th/18th century (incorrectly with male kilt).

Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Seti IRamesses II
Titles Great Royal Wife
King's Daughter
Hereditary Princess
Lady of the Two Lands
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt
Father Seti I or Ramesses II
Mother Tuya
Burial QV75

Henutmire (transliteration: ḥnw.t-mỉ-rꜤ, meaning: "Mistress like Re") was an ancient Egyptian Princess in the Nineteenth Dynasty and Queen of Pharaoh Ramesses II.

Family[]

Henutmire is supposedly the third and youngest child of Seti I and Tuya, and the younger sister of Ramesses II and Tia. This theory is based on a statue of Queen Tuya, now in the Vatican. The statue shows Tuya with Henutmire, thus it is assumed that they were mother and daughter. However, she is nowhere mentioned as "King's Sister", a title which Princess Tia used, thus it is unclear whether she was a younger sister or a daughter of Ramesses II.[1]

She is not attested in any procession of Ramesses II's daughters either, which is to be expected if she was. She married Ramesses II and became his Great Royal Wife, which seems to indicate that she did have a high position in the royal family. If she was his daughter, she was the fourth to do so, after Bintanath, Meritamen and Nebettawy. No children of Henutmire are known.

Attestations[]

Henutmire is shown on statues of Ramesses from Abu Qir and Heliopolis.[2] On a colossus from Hermopolis she is depicted together with Princess-Queen Bintanath. Both have the titles The Hereditary Princess, richly favoured, Mistress of the South and the North, King's Daughter, Great Royal Wife.[3]

Burial[]

Henutmire died around Ramesses II's 40th regnal year, and was buried in her QV75 rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Queens. Her tomb was robbed already in antiquity; the trough of her coffin was later used for the burial of priest-king Horsaiset in Medinet Habu. It is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.[2]

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 164.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 170.
  3. Kitchen 1996.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated: Translations. Volume II, Blackwell Publishers.
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