Ancient Egypt Wiki
"Mistress of the Two Lands"
Henuttawy C

Coffins of Henuttawy held at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. ©

Dynasty 21st Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Psusennes ISiamun
Titles Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re
God's Mother of Khonsu
Chantress of Amun and Mut
Lady of the House
Father Menkheperre
Mother Isetemakhbit
Spouse(s) Smendes II
Issue Isetemakhbit
Burial MMA 60
For other pages by this name, see Henuttawy.

Henuttawy (ancient Egyptian: ḥnw.t-tꜣwy, "Mistress of the Two Lands") was an ancient Egyptian noble woman of the Twenty-first Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.


Henuttawy held many titles such as; Chantress of Amun, Mistress of the House, Chief of the Harem of Amun, Flautist of Mut, and God's Mother of Khonsu.[1]


Henuttawy was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun, Menkheperre, and the Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re, Princess Isetemakhbit. Through her mother she was the granddaughter of Pharaoh Psusennes I. She succeeded her mother as Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re by marriage to her brother, Smendes II, who rose to the office of High Priest of Amun. She is known to have had a daughter named Isetemakhbit.[2]

When her brother-husband Smendes II died, he was succeeded as High Priest of Amun by their brother Pinedjem II. As a result, Henuttawy lost her post of Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re to her sister, Isetemakhbit, as the latter was Pinedjem II's wife. Additional siblings include; Tjanefer, Gautseshen, Psusennes, Hori, Meritamen, and Ankhefenmut.


According to Kenneth Kitchen, she is likely the same Henuttawy who is mentioned as the beneficiary of a decree carved on the Tenth Pylon of the Precinct of Amun-Ra at Karnak, and issued in Years 5, 6 and 8 of an unnamed king – possibly Siamun – when the High Priest of Amun at Thebes was Smendes II's successor, Pinedjem II. The inscriptions did not mentions any title but from these is clear that Henuttawy and her daughter Isetemakhbit inherited the property of Smendes II.[2]


Henuttawy died as an elderly woman, estimated to have lived into her seventies. She was buried in MMA 60 at Deir el-Bahari. Her mummy and coffins were discovered there in 1923-1924 by an expedition led by Herbert E. Winlock. Henuttawy's mummy, coffins and part of the funerary equipment were taken to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Later, some of Henuttawy's coffin were given to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.



  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100–650 BC). Aris & Phillips Limited, Warminster.