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Egyptian Hieroglyphic is an ancient Egyptian writing system used throughout the civilization's history. Hieroglyphic writing made use of hieroglyphs (drawn symbols). The later hieratic and demotic Egyptian scripts were derived from hieroglyphic writing. These cursive writing systems were practical innovations for everyday use, while the more time-consuming and visually appealing hieroglyphic writing system was used for inscriptions on stone and religious literature for its spiritual and decorative function.

The invention of the first writing systems in history is roughly contemporary with the beginning of the Bronze Age (following the late Neolithic) in the late 4th millennium BC. The Sumerian archaic cuneiform script closely followed by the Egyptian hieroglyphic script are generally considered the earliest writing systems, both emerging out of their ancestral proto-literate symbol systems from 3400 to 3200 BC with earliest coherent texts from about 2600 BC. It is generally agreed that the historically earlier Sumerian writing was an independent invention and also previously the Egyptians were once believed to have learned the idea of writing from Sumerians but now their writing system is generally believed to be independent invention.

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