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High Priest of Hathor or First Prophet of Hathor (ancient Egyptian: ḥm-nṯr-tpỉ-n-ḥt-ḥrw) was an ancient Egyptian religious occupational title held by the highest-ranking priest in the priesthood of the goddess Hathor, which was situated at the temple of Hathor in Tentyris (modern: Dendera). The office has been attested since the New Kingdom.

High Priest of Hathor
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History[]

The title of High Priest of Hathor is rarely attested by officials. During the early 18th Dynasty reign of Hatshepsut, the office of High Priest of Hathor was situated at her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahari, Thebes.

A statue of a Priest of Hathor named Basa dated to the 22nd or 23rd Dynasty, claiming that Basa is a direct descendant of the High Priest of Hathor Nebwenenef, records a detailed genealogy of High Priests of Hathor. It is the only source for the majority of High Priests at the Hathor priesthood of Tentyris.

List of High Priests of Hathor[]

The following High Priests of Hathor are known:

High Priest Dynasty Pharaoh Comment
Name lost (possibly Amenemhat)[1] 18th Dynasty Thutmose III Known from his TT225 tomb to have held the title High Priest of Hathor.[2]
Nefer 18th Dynasty Only known from the genealogy of Basa.
Sihathor I 18th Dynasty Only known from the genealogy of Basa.
Amenhotep 18th Dynasty Only known from the genealogy of Basa.
Sihathor II 18th Dynasty Only known from the genealogy of Basa.
Sematawy I 18th and 19th Dynasty (?) Horemheb and Ramesses I (?) Only known from the genealogy of Basa, where he is stated to be the father of Nebwenenef.
Nebwenenef 19th Dynasty Seti I Later became High Priest of Amun under Pharaoh Ramesses II.
Sematawy II 19th Dynasty Ramesses II Son of his direct predecessor Nebwenenef.

See also[]

References[]

  1. Gardiner & Weigall 1913, p. 36.
  2. Porter & Moss 1927, p. 197.

Bibliography[]

  • Gardiner, A./Weigall, A.E.P., 1913: Topographical Catalogue of the Private Tombs of Thebes. Bernard Quaritch, London.
  • Porter, B./Moss, R.L.B., 1927: Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian hierogliphic texts, reliefs, and paintings. Vol. 1. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
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