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High Priest of Ra or Re (ancient Egyptian: wr-mꜢw, meaning: Greatest of Seers)[1] was an ancient Egyptian occupational title. The office was held by the highest ranked priest in the main cult of the sun god Ra.

High Priest of Ra

The main cult of Ra was in ancient Heliopolis, northeast of present-day Cairo. The High Priests of Ra are not as well documented as the high priests of other deities such as Amun and Ptah.

List of High Priests of Ra[]

The following High Priests of Ra are known:

Old Kingdom[]

Middle Kingdom[]

  • Nubkaureankh, from offering table and rock inscription[2]
  • Khakauremhat, papyrus from Lahun[2]
  • Maakheruremhutaat, seal[2]
  • Ra, seal[2]
  • Khentyhetep-Iyemiatib, seal[2]
  • Iuefsenef, seal[2]

New Kingdom[]

Eighteenth Dynasty
Nineteenth Dynasty
Twentieth Dynasty

Third Intermediate and Late Period[]

High Priests of Re archaeological elements[]

The Al-Masalla area of the Al-Matariyyah district, the archaeological site of Heliopolis, contains the underground tombs of High Priests of Re of the Sixth Dynasty (2345 BCE—2181 BCE), which were found in the southeast corner of the great temple of Re-Atum.[4] The ancient Masalla obelisk, or El-Misalla (Arabic: المسلة), in Al-Matariyyah is the only surviving element standing of the Re—Atum Temple, constructed by Pharaoh Senusret I (1971 BCE—1926 BCE) of the Twelfth Dynasty.[5][6]

See also[]


  1. Frood & Baines 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Grajetzki 2009, p. 177.
  3. MMA 10.176.42.
  4. Archived copy. Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved on 2011-01-30. Planetware: Priests of Re tombs, Heliopolis—Al-Matariyyah . accessed 01.28.2011
  5. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 edition.
  6. Planetware: Masalla Obelisk, Temple of Re—Atum, Heliopolis—Al-Matariyyah . accessed 01.28.2011


  • Frood, E./Baines, J., 2007: Biographical texts from Ramessid Egypt.
  • Grajetzki, W., 2009: Court Officials of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. London.