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High Priest of Set or First Prophet of Set (ancient Egyptian: ḥm-nṯr-tpỉ-n-swtẖ) was an ancient Egyptian religious occupational title held by the highest-ranking priest in the priesthood of the god Set. From the Second Intermediate Period onwards the priesthood was situated at the temple of Set in Avaris (modern: Tell el-Dab'a).

High Priest of Set


The cult of Set existed already in Predynastic times at the town of Ombos (modern: Naqada).

During the Second Intermediate Period, the town of Avaris grew highly in significance, becoming the capital of the Fourteenth Canaanite and the succeeding Fifteenth Hyksos dynasties. The priesthood of Set at Avaris thus also became more important.

During the early New Kingdom, the priesthood of Set at Avaris was poorly attested. However, after the Amarna Period, the office of High Priest of Set fell in the hands of a powerful military man, Ramesses I. He went on to become pharaoh and founder of the Nineteenth Dynasty. Ramesses' son Seti I succeeded him as High Priest when the former became king. After Seti also became king, the office once again becomes poorly attested.

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