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Horsaiset
Harsiese
G5H8
Z1
Q1t
H8
ḥrw zꜣ-ỉst
"Horus, Son of Isis"
Predecessor:
Osorkon
High Priest of Amun Successor:
Takelot
Dynasty 23rd Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Padibastet I
Titles High Priest of Amun
Father Padibastet (?)
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Horsaiset.

Horsaiset (transliteration: ḥrw zꜣ-ỉst, meaning: "Horus, Son of Isis") was an ancient Egyptian high official of the Twenty-third Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Family[]

Horsaiset, by merit of his name, might have been a descendent of Pharaoh Horsaiset,[1][2] perhaps his grandson.[3] He could be the grandson of Pharaoh Horsaiset and son of the High Priest of Amun Padibastet A, who in turn might be identical to the Pharaoh Padibastet I. This would fit with Horsaiset B holding the position of High Priest of Amun under Padibastet I's reign, as it does indeed seem to suggest close kinship between the two. However, Horsaiset B does lack the appropriate King's Son title.

Biography[]

At the end of Osorkon II's reign a High Priest of Amun named Horsaiset appears on the scene (on statue CG 42225). This Horsaiset succeeded Takelot in this office after the latter became co-regent in the final three regnal years of his grandfather Osorkon II, and was succeeded ten years later by prince Osorkon, the son of Takelot II.[4]

It is generally believed that this High Priest of Amun Horsaiset was Horsaiset B. This would mean that he was dismissed as High Priest by Takelot II and replaced by prince Osorkon, with Horsaiset later re-establishing himself under Padibastet I, which resulted in the conflict described in Osorkon's Chronicle.[2]

Although, the Horsaiset from Osorkon's Chronicle is undoubtedly Horsaiset B. The first 10-year period of office could belong to a certain Horsaiset C instead. Horsaiset C held the position of Second Prophet of Amun under Osorkon II and could have been promoted. He was also "in all probability on good terms" with Takelot II, who gave his daughter Shepensopdet in marriage to Horsaiset C's son Djedkhonsiuefankh C.[5] This would mean that he was likely not dismissed as High Priest by Takelot II in favor of Osorkon B, but simply succeeded after death. In this scenario; only once Padibastet I established himself as king in Thebes after the rebellion of Takelot II's Year 11, and thereby sparked the conflict with Osorkon B, was Horsaiset B placed in office as High Priest under Padibastet's kingship.

Horsaiset B was succeeded as High Priest by Takelot E sometime prior to Year 23 of Padibastet I, since Nile Level records now mention the latter in office.[6]

References[]

  1. Broekman 2006, p. 254.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dodson 2019, p. 121.
  3. Kitchen 1996, p. 330.
  4. Dodson 2019.
  5. Broekman 2010, p. 143.
  6. Dodson 2019, p. 125.

Bibliography[]

  • Broekman, G.P.F., 2006: Once Again The Reign of Takeloth II; Another View on the Chronology of the Mid 22nd Dynasty. Egypt and the Levant, Vol. 16, p. 245-255.
  • Broekman, G.P.F., 2010: The Leading Theban Priests of Amun and their Families under Libyan Rule. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 96.
  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (c.1100-650 BC). Aris & Phillips Ltd, Warminster.
Predecessor:
Osorkon
High Priest of Amun
23rd Dynasty
Successor:
Takelot
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