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Horsaiset
Harsiese
G5H8
Z1
Q1t
H8
ḥrw zꜣ-ỉst
"Horus, Son of Isis"
Horsaiset C

Block statue of the Second Prophet of Amun Horsaiset C from Karnak, CG 42210 at the Cairo Museum.[1]

Predecessor:
Takelot
High Priest of Amun Successor:
Osorkon
Dynasty 22nd and 23rd Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) HorsaisetTakelot II
Titles High Priest of Amun (?)
Second Prophet of Amun
Fourth Prophet of Amun
Royal Sealbearer
Royal Scribe
Father Nakhtefmut-Djedthutiuefankh
Mother Nesmut
Spouse(s) Isetweret
Issue Djedkhonsiuefankh
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Horsaiset.

Horsaiset (transliteration: ḥrw zꜣ-ỉst, meaning: "Horus, Son of Isis") was an ancient Egyptian high official of the Twenty-second and Twenty-third Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Titles[]

Horsaiset was Fourth Prophet of Amun, Second Prophet of Amun, Sealbearer of the King of Lower Egypt, and Eyes of the King in Karnak. He was also attested as the Letter-writer of the Estate of the God's Wife of Amun.[2]

Family[]

Horsaiset is the son of the Fourth Prophet of Amun Nakhtefmut-Djedthutiuefankh and Nesmut.[3] His father was a second cousin to Pharaoh Osorkon II and also held the positions of Second and Third Prophet of Khonsu.[2]

Horsaiset married princess Isetweret, a daughter of Pharaoh Horsaiset. Their son Djedkhonsiuefankh would later serve as Fourth Prophet of Amun.[4]

Biography[]

Horsaiset is said to have had e special relationship with the king. On the statue dedicated by his son he is said to have calmed the king after he became angry:

My voice sounded day after day before his majesty; his other dignitaries used to speak according to his desire, but I was not afraid. It was me who appeased his heart, when he had flown into the most violent rage. He was satisfied about that which my mouth announced, to bring to him the gifts of each country. It was I who extinguished the heat of the conversation by calm, until I brought him to the right measure of contentment.[2]

In his early career under his father-in-law Pharaoh Horsaiset, Horsaiset was Fourth Prophet of Amun at Karnak. He was later promoted to the position of Second Prophet under Osorkon II.

High Priest of Amun[]

At the end of Osorkon II's reign a High Priest of Amun named Horsaiset appears on the scene (on statue CG 42225). This Horsaiset succeeded Takelot in this office after the latter became co-regent in the final three regnal years of his grandfather Osorkon II, and was succeeded ten years later by prince Osorkon, the son of Takelot II.[5]

It is generally believed that this High Priest of Amun Horsaiset was Horsaiset, the son of Padibastet, who is attested as High Priest under Pharaoh Padibastet I (perhaps identical to his father). This would mean that Horsaiset was dismissed as High Priest by Takelot II and replaced by prince Osorkon, with Horsaiset later re-establishing himself under Padibastet I, which resulted in the conflict described in Osorkon's Chronicle.[6]

Although, the Horsaiset from Osorkon's Chronicle is undoubtedly Horsaiset B. The first 10-year period of office could belong to Horsaiset C instead. Horsaiset C held the position of Second Prophet under Osorkon II and could have been promoted. He was also "in all probability on good terms" with Takelot II, who gave his daughter Shepensopdet in marriage to Horsaiset C's son Djedkhonsiuefankh C.[7] This would mean that he was likely not dismissed as High Priest by Takelot II in favor of Osorkon B, but simply succeeded after death. In this scenario; only once Padibastet I established himself as king in Thebes after the rebellion of Takelot II's Year 11, and thereby sparked the conflict with Osorkon B, was Horsaiset B placed in office as High Priest under Padibastet's kingship.

Attestations[]

  • Statue dedicated to his father Nakhtefmut-Djedthutiuefankh (Karnak T 35; Cairo JE 91720)[2]
  • Statue dedicated by Djedkhonsiuefankh to his father Horsaiset C. Djedkhonsiuefankh is Fourth Prophet of Amun, Sealbearer of the King of Lower Egypt, and Eyes of the King in Karnak, titles that had belonged to his father Horsaiset C. Horsaiset bears the title of Second Prophet of Amun. (Cairo CG 42210)[2]

References[]

  1. Legrain 1914, pl. III.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Broekman 2010.
  3. Dodson & Hilton 2004. p. 203.
  4. Kitchen 1986.
  5. Dodson 2019.
  6. Dodson 2019, p. 121.
  7. Broekman 2010, p. 143.

Bibliography[]

  • Broekman, G.P.F., 2010: The Leading Theban Priests of Amun and their Families under Libyan Rule. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 96.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (c.1100-650 BC). Aris & Phillips Ltd, Warminster.
  • Legrain, G., 1914: Statues et statuettes de rois et de particuliers, in: Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire, Le Caire.
Predecessor:
Takelot
High Priest of Amun
23rd Dynasty
Successor:
Osorkon
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