Ancient Egypt Wiki
"Rearing Cobra"
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Amenhotep II
Thutmose IV
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Daughter
King's Sister
Father Amenhotep II
Spouse(s) Thutmose IV
Burial Unknown

Iaret (ancient Egyptian: ỉꜥrt, "Rearing Cobra") was the Queen of Pharaoh Thutmose IV in the 18th Dynasty during the New Kingdom.[1]


Iaret's titles include: King's Daughter (zꜣt-nswt), King's Great Daughter (zꜣt-nswt-wrt), King's Sister (snt-nswt), and King's Great Wife (ḥmt-nswt-wrt).[2]


Iaret was the daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep II and a (half-)sister of her husband, Thutmose IV. The identity of her mother remains unknown, but she was likely to have been Queen Tiaa. Iaret was the second Great Royal wife from the reign of Thutmose IV. Queen Nefertari is shown in inscriptions dating to the earlier part of the reign. In Year 7 of Thutmose IV's reign, Iaret became his new Great Royal Wife; Nefertari either died or was pushed into the background when Iaret was old enough to become Thutmose's wife.[3]

It is not known whether any children were born to either Nefertari or Iaret; after Thutmose IV's death the next pharaoh was Amenhotep III, the son of a secondary wife called Mutemwia.[1]


Iaret is depicted on a Year 7 stela of Thutmose IV from Konosso.[4] The stela depicts Thutmose smiting enemies before the Nubian gods Dedwen and Ha. Queen Iaret is depicted standing behind him.[5] Iaret's name is also known from inscriptions from the turquoise mines at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai from the same year.[4]


Iaret's time of death, mummy and tomb remain unknown.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 140.
  2. Grajetzki 2005.
  3. Shaw 2000, p. 241.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bryan 1991, p. 335-336.
  5. Porter & Moss 2004, p. 254.


  • Bryan, B., 1991: The Reign of Thutmose IV. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Grajetzki, W., 2005: Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary.
  • Porter, B./Moss, R.L., 2004: Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings. Vol. 5. Upper Egypt: Sites. (1st ed.).
  • Shaw, I., 2000: The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press.