Pyramid of Khafra
Reign c.2558-2532BC
Dynasty {{{dynasty}}}
Golden Horus
Family {{{family}}}
Burial Place Pyramid of Khafre
Monuments Great Sphinx

Khafra or Khafre (Greek Chephren) was an Egyptian Pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, with his capital at Memphis. According to some authors he was the brother and successor of Khufu, but it is more commonly accepted that Djedefra was Khufu's successor and Khafra was Djedefra's. Most think that Khufu was his father.

There is no agreement on the date of his reign; some authors say it was between 2558 BC and 2532 BC; this dynasty is commonly dated ca. 2650 BC – 2480 BC. While the Turin King List figure for his reign was lost in a lacuna, and Manetho's exaggerates his reign as 66 years, most scholars believe it was between 24 to 26 years, based upon the date of the Will of Prince Nekure which was carved on the walls of this Prince's Mastaba tomb. The will is dated anonymously to the Year of the 12th Cohfhdunt and is assumed to belong to Khafra since Nekure was his son. Khafra built the second largest Pyramid at Giza, the Great Sphinx and a temple, which is the only surviving example of a temple of this Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. His name, Khaf-Ra, means "Appearing like Ra" for some translators and "rise Ra!" for others; the meaning is most probably the first, according to the hieroglyphic representing his name, which includes that crown.

Other spellings: Khaf-Re, Khauf-Re, Khafre, Khephren.


  • James Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt Part I, §§ 192, (1906) on 'The Will of Nekure'.

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Preceded by:
Pharaoh of Egypt
4th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
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