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Latopolis
Ancient Egyptian: Iunet
O28
n
iit
O49
iwn.t
Temple-of-Khnum-Esna

Temple of Khnum at Esna.©

Location Esna
Coordinates 25°18′N 32°33′E
Region Upper Egypt
Nome Nekhen
Main deities Khnum
Not to be confused with Letopolis.

Latopolis, or Iunet in ancient Egyptian (transliteration: ỉwn.t), is an Ancient Egyptian city in Upper Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile. Sometime after the New Kingdom, it functioned as the provincial capital of Nekhen, the third nome of Upper Egypt.[1] The ancient site is located at the modern city of Esna.

The name Latopolis comes from Lates niloticus, the largest of the 52 species of perch which inhabit the Nile. These fishes were considered holy and had their own cemetery west of the city.[2]

A Ptolemaic temple dedicated to Khnum currently still stands at, what used to be, the centre of Latopolis. Besides Khnum, the temple also honors the deities Neith and Heka.[2]

The necropolis of Latopolis is situated west of the city in the desert and contains burials dating from the Middle Kingdom to the Late Period.[2]

See also[]

References[]

  1. Baines & Málek 1980, p. 80.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Baines & Málek 1980, p. 81.

Bibliography[]

  • Baines, J./Málek, J., 1980: Atlas of Ancient Egypt. Equinox, Oxford.
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