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Maatkare
Duatnetjer-Maatkare
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dwꜥt-nṯr mꜣꜥt-kꜣ-rꜥ
"Divine Adoratrice, Righteous Soul of Re"
Maatkare A

Coffin of Maatkare from TT320.

Predecessor:
Iset
God's Wife of Amun Successor:
Henuttawy
Dynasty 21st Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Smendes ISiamun (?)
Titles God's Wife of Amun
Divine Adoratrice of Amun
King's Daughter
Father Pinedjem I
Mother Duathathor-Henuttawy
Burial TT320 (reburial)
For other pages by this name, see Maatkare.

Mutemhat Maatkare (transliteration: mꜢꜤt-kꜢ-rꜤ, meaning: "Righteous Soul of Re") is an ancient Egyptian God's Wife of Amun of the Twenty-first Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Name[]

Maatkare was the first God's Wife of Amun to take on a praenomen which used to be the prerogative of pharaohs. Her throne name is Mutemhat (mwt-m-ḥt) which means "Mut is Foremost".

Family[]

See also: 21st Dynasty Family Tree.
Bintanath

Statue of Maatkare at Karnak, probably usurped from Queen Bentanat.

Maatkare was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun Pinedjem I, who was the de facto ruler of Southern Egypt from 1070 BCE onwards, then proclaimed himself pharaoh in 1054 BCE. Her mother was Duathathor-Henuttawy, a daughter of Ramesses XI, last ruler of the New Kingdom. Maatkare received the prestigeous positions of God's Wife of Amun and Divine Adoratrice of Amun.[1]

Burial[]

Maatkare's original burial place is unknown; her mummy was found in the royal cache at Deir el-Bahari in 1981 along with her coffins, shawabtis and other mummies from her immediate family. A small mummy, originally thought to be a child of hers (God's Wives were supposed to be celibate) was later revealed to be that of a pet monkey.[2]

References[]

  1. Clayton 1994.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 206.

Bibliography[]

  • Clayton, P., 1994: Chronicle Of The Pharaohs By Samy Salah. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
Predecessor:
Iset
God's Wife of Amun
21st Dynasty
Successor:
Henuttawy
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