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Maatkare
raC10D28
mꜣꜥt-kꜣ-rꜥ
"Righteous Soul of Re"
Dynasty 21st and 22nd Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Psusennes IIShoshenq I
Titles King's Daughter
God's Mother
Priestess of Hathor
Father Psusennes II
Spouse(s) Osorkon I
Issue Shoshenq Q (=IIa?[1])
Burial Unknown, probably at Tanis.
For other pages by this name, see Maatkare.

Maatkare (ancient Egyptian: mꜣꜥt-kꜣ-rꜥ, "Righteous Soul of Re") was an ancient Egyptian Princess of the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Family[]

Maatkare was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun and Pharaoh Psusennes II.[2] Her mother's identity remains unknown, but Nestanebetashru and Karimala are both possible candidates. The Second Prophet of Amun, Djedptahiuefankh, was her (half-)brother.

Maatkare was married Pharaoh Osorkon I. The couple is attested on a statue of the Nile-god, currently in the British Museum (BM 8), as the parents of the High Priest of Amun Shoshenq Q. However, Maatkare is not attested with queenly titles, suggesting that she predeceased her husband's kingship.[3] While her title "God's Mother of Horus, who Unites the Two Lands" indicates that her son Shoshenq Q may well have risen to kingship as Pharaoh Shoshenq IIa.

Attestations[]

Maatkare is known from several sources. Her statuette, of which only the base with a pair of feet is preserved (Marseille, Musée Borély no. 432)[4] may be a re-used New Kingdom piece.[5]

The aforementioned Nile-god statue (BM 8) refers to Maatkare as the King's Daughter of ... Har-Psusennes II, beloved of Amun. On a statue from the Karnak Cachette at the Cairo Museum (CG 42194), also dedicated by her son Shoshenq, Maatkare has the titles Prophetess of Hathor, Lady of Dendera, God's Mother of Harsomtus, and King's Daughter.[6] A Karnak inscription on the seventh pylon names Maatkare, King's Daughter of Psusennes Beloved of Amun.[6]

Burial[]

The whereabouts of Maatkare's tomb and mummy remain unknown.

References[]

  1. Kitchen 1996, p. 117-119.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004.
  3. Dodson 2019, p. 96.
  4. Graefe 1981.
  5. Brandl 2012, p. 89.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Kitchen 1986.

Bibliography[]

  • Brandl, H., 2012: Kunst und Gesellschaft in der Libyerzeit: Beobachtungen an Königsstatuen der Dritten Zwischenzeit. In: K. A. Kóthay (ed.), Art and Society: Ancient and Modern Contexts of Egyptian Art. Proceedings of the International Conference held at the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Graefe, E., 1981: Untersuchungen zur Verwaltung und Geschichte der Institution der Gottesgemahlin des Amun vom Beginn des Neuen Reiches bis zur Spätzeit. ÄA 37, Wiesbaden, p. 235–236.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1986: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-650 B.C.). (Book & Supplement) Aris & Phillips.
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