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Medinet Habu (Arabic: مدينة هابو) is an archaeological site on the West Bank at Thebes (modern Luxor) in Upper Egypt. It is considered part of the greater Theban Necropolis. Although other structures are located within the area, the location is today associated almost exclusively with the mortuary temple of Ramesses III.

Mortuary temple of Ramesses III[]

Main article: Mortuary temple of Ramesses III
The mortuary temple of Ramesses III also served as his royal palace. Aside from its size and architectural and artistic importance, the temple is probably best known as the source of inscribed reliefs depicting the advent and defeat of the Sea Peoples during Ramesses III's reign.

The mortuary temple is quite well preserved and surrounded by a massive mudbrick enclosure, which may have been fortified. The original entrance is through a fortified gate-house, known as a migdol (and resembling an Asiatic fortress).

Just inside the enclosure, to the south, are chapels of Amenirdis I, Shepenupet II and Nitiqret, all of whom had the title of Divine Adoratrice of Amun.

The first pylon leads into an open courtyard, lined with colossal statues of Ramesses III as Osiris on one side, and uncarved columns on the other. The second pylon leads into a peristyle hall, again featuring columns of Ramesses III. This leads up a ramp that leads (through a columned portico) to the third pylon and then into the large hypostyle hall (which has lost its roof).

In Coptic times, there was a church inside the temple structure, but it has since been removed. Some of the carvings in the main wall of the temple have been altered by Coptic carvings.

Mortuary temple of Ay and Horemheb[]

Main article: Mortuary temple of Ay and Horemheb
Located just north of the mortuary temple of Ramesses III, right up to the mud-brick wall that surrounds it, lies the badly preserved mortuary temple of Ay of the 18th Dynasty, which had been usurped and completed by his successor Horemheb.

Temple of Amun[]

Just left of the entrance to the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III is the Temple of Amun, (ancient Egyptian: Djoser Set, "Holy Place") dating to the 18th Dynasty, built by Hatshepsut and Thutmose III. It has undergone many alterations and modifications over the years, partially in the 20th, 25th, 26th, 29th and 30th Dynasty and the Greco-Roman Period.

See also[]

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