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Meritaten
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imn
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U6iit
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ỉmn-mry.t
"Beloved of Amun"
Meritamen

Statue of Meritamen at the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Seti IRamesses II
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Daughter
Lady of the Two Lands
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt
Chantress of Mut, Hathor and Atum
Father Ramesses II
Mother Nefertari
Spouse(s) Ramesses II
Burial QV68
For other pages by this name, see Meritamen.

Meritamen or Meryetamun (transliteration: ỉmn-mry.t, meaning: "Beloved of Amun") was an ancient Egyptian Princess and Queen of the Nineteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Family[]

Meritamen was likely born when her father Pharaoh Ramesses II was still Crown Prince during the reign of her grandfather Seti I. Her mother was Queen Nefertari, the principal wife of Ramesses II. She had at least four brothers; Amunherkhepeshef, Pareherwenemef, Meryatum and Meryre, as well as a sister named Henuttawy. Meritamen may have had more brothers and sisters, but these five are known from the façade of Queen Nefertari's temple at Abu Simbel.

Around the time her mother died (around Year 24 or 25 of Ramesses II), Meritamen became King's Great Wife, along with her half-sister Bentanat.

Attestations[]

AkhmimMeritamun

Colossal statue of Queen Meritamen at Akhmim.

Meritamen is most famous from a colossal statue of her at the Temple of Min at Panopolis (modern Akhmim). The queenly statue can be dated to the late 18th Dynasty, though Ramesses II reinscribed it for his daughter Meritamen, it originally almost certainly depicted Tey.[1] On the dorsal pillar, the inscription goes as followed;

"... whose forehead is beautiful bearing the uraeus, the beloved of her Lord, the great one [of the harem of Amen]-Re, [sistrum player] of Mut, menat player of Hathor, Songstress of Atum, King's Daughter [beloved of ?] .. [Mr]it[I]mn.w." "the fair of face, beautiful in the palace, the Beloved of the Lord of the Two Lands, she who is beside her Lord as Sothis is beside Orion, one is pleased with what is spoken when she opens her mouth to pacify the Lord of the Two Lands, King's Daughter in the palace [?] of the Lord of many festivals [?] ...[2]

Burial[]

Meritamen was buried at her QV68 rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Queens. The tomb of Meritamen was described by Lepsius. An interesting scene in the tomb shows Meritamen consecrating cloth-boxes to Osiris and Hathor. The inscriptions identify the Queen as The Osiris, King's Daughter, Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Meritamen, may she live. She is said to be "Bringing a box of clothing, eternally; consecrating the box of clothing three times" (sic).[3]

The sarcophagus-lid is now in Berlin (15274). Meritamen's titles on the sarcophagus lid are given twice. At the head she is described as:

"[King's Daughter], Great [Royal Wife], Lady of Both Lands, Meritamen, justified". Over the head she is described as: "The Osiris, King's Daughter beloved of him, Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Meritamen, justified".[4]

See also[]

References[]

  1. Dodson 2018, p. 103.
  2. Hawass 2005.
  3. Kitchen 1996.
  4. Kitchen 1996.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2018: Revised edition of 2009: Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter Reformation. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Hawass, Z., 2005: Recent Discoveries at Akhmin. KMT, A modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, Volume 16, Nr. 1.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated: Translations. Volume II, Blackwell Publishers.
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