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Mutbenret
Benretmut
G14&t M30tY1VB1
mwt-bnr.t
"Mut is Sweet"
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Akhenaten
Titles Sister of Queen Nefertiti
Father Ay (?)
Mother Iuy (?)
Burial Unknown

Mutbenret or Benretmut (ancient Egyptian: mwt-bnr.t, "Mut is Sweet") was a noble lady of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Identity[]

Some Egyptologists have speculated that Mutbenret is identical to Queen Mutnedjmet, the wife of Pharaoh Horemheb.[1] This identification was partially based on the fact that Mutbenret's name used to be read as Mutnedjmet. The hieroglyphs for nedjem and bener are similar and so is their meaning. The name is now thought to be Mutbenret however.[2] Egyptologist such as Geoffrey Martin note that there is no definite evidence to prove that Mutbenret and Queen Mutnedjmet are identical.[3]

Family[]

Mutbenret is known to be the sister of Queen Nefertiti from several tomb reliefs at Amarna. Especially the AT25 tomb of Ay makes this clear, since Mutbenret is depicted in this tomb with the title "Sister of the King's Chief Wife", which indicates a direct relationship with Nefertiti.[4]

Burial[]

The whereabouts of Mutbenret's tomb and mummy remain unknown.

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 156.
  2. Freed et al. 1999.
  3. Martin 1991, p. 96.
  4. De Garis Davies 2004.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Freed, R.E./D'Auria, S./Markowitz, Y.J., Eds., 1999: Pharaohs of the Sun: Akhenaten: Nefertiti: Tutankhamen. Boston: Museum Fine Arts/Bulfinch Press/Little, Brown and Company.
  • Garis Davies, N. de, 2004: The rock tombs of el-Amarna. Parts V and VI: Part 5 Smaller tombs and boundary stelae & Part 6 Tombs of Parennefer, Tutu and Ay, Egypt Exploration Society
  • Martin, G.T., 1991: The Hidden Tombs of Memphis. Thames & Hudson, London.
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