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Mutnedjmet
<
G14&t M29Aa15
Y1
tB7
>
mwt-nḏm.t
"Mut is Sweet"
Dynasty 21st Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Psusennes I
Titles King's Great Wife
Lady of the Two Lands
King's Daughter
King's Sister
Father Pinedjem I
Mother Duathathor-Henuttawy
Spouse(s) Psusennes I
Issue Ankhefenmut, Amenemopet
Burial NRT III, Tanis (initial),
reburial unknown
For other pages by this name, see Mutnedjmet.

Mutnedjmet (transliteration: mwt-nḏm.t, meaning: "Mut is Sweet") was an ancient Egyptian Queen of the Twenty-first Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Titles[]

Mutnedjmet's known titles are; King's Daughter of His Body, King's Sister, King's Great Wife, Lady of the Two Lands, Second Prophet of Amun in Tanis.[1]

Family[]

Mutnedjmet was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun, Pinedjem I, who was the de facto ruler of Upper Egypt from 1070 BCE onwards, then proclaimed himself pharaoh around Year 15 or 16 of Smendes I (ca. 1060 BCE). Her mother was Duathathor-Henuttawy, a daughter of Ramesses XI, last ruler of the New Kingdom. Three of her brothers, Masaharta, Djedkhonsiuefankh and Menkheperre, succeeded each other as High Priests of Amun respectively. Her sister, Maatkare became God's Wife of Amun.

Mutnedjmet was the queen consort of Pharaoh Psusennes I, who was also her brother. She was probably the mother of Pharaoh Amenemopet. However, since genealogical evidence is lacking, this is primarily based on the fact that he succeeded to the throne.[2] She was also probably the mother of Crown Prince Ankhefenmut.

Burial[]

Mutnedjmet was buried in the NRT III tomb of her husband at Tanis, in a burial chamber parallel to his. This burial chamber was later usurped by king Amenemopet, but her name and some of her titles survived, mainly on the side of the sarcophagus which was turned to the wall.[3] Pierre Montet believes that a depiction of Mutnedjmet on the wall of the burial chamber may have been usurped and reworked into a goddess when turning the scene into a depiction of Amenemopet turned out to be too much work.[4]

The present whereabouts of her mummy remain unknown, but around 1980 some bronze ushabtis of her have surfaced on the antiquities market which suggests that her reburial (or a deposit of her funerary equipment) may have been discovered.[5] Several burial items are currently held in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.[1]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 207.
  2. Kitchen 1972, p. 264.
  3. Montet 1947, p. 312.
  4. Montet 1951, p. 159-160, with plate CXXVI.
  5. Martin 1982, p. 73-77.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1972: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100–650 BC). Aris & Phillips Limited, Warminster.
  • Martin, G.T., 1982: On some Shabtis of Mutnodjmet, wife of Psusennes I. In: BSEG, Vol. 7.
  • Montet, P., 1947: La Nécropole Royale de Tanis à la Fin de 1945. In: ASAE, Vol. 46.
  • Montet, P., 1951: Les Constructions et le Tombeau de Psousennès à Tanis. La Nécropole de Tanis II, Paris.
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