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Naga ed-Deir is a modern town and the site of an ancient Egyptian necropolis on the east bank of the Nile in Upper Egypt. It is located just opposite of the modern city of Girga, which is believed to be the site of ancient Thinis. It may therefore have served as the Thinite necropolis. Tombs from almost all eras of ancient Egypt have been found here. The majority of the graves range in date from the Predynastic to the First Intermediate Period. The graves from the Old Kingdom period in particular offer an overview of the burial rites of this period that has hardly been found anywhere else.

The larger mastabas are attributed to local officials, while small graves with few or no grave goods can be attributed to the lower classes of the population. The dead were buried in rectangular pits, usually as squat corpses. Several excavation campaigns were carried out from 1901 to 1924 under the direction of George Andrew Reisner.

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