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Nakhtmin
Minnakhte
R22
R12
C8n
M3
Aa1
t
mnw-nꜥḫt
Nakhtmin

Head from a statue of Nakhtmin at the Luxor Museum.

Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Tutankhamun and Ay
Titles Crown Prince
King's Son or Viceroy of Kush
Generalissimo
Fanbearer on the King's Right Hand
Royal Scribe
Father Ay (?)
Mother Iuy
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Nakhtmin.

Nakhtmin or Minnakhte (ancient Egyptian: mnw-nꜥḫt, "Min is Strong") was a high official of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Titles[]

Nakhtmin held the position of Generalissimo during the reign of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. His titles during this pharaoh's reign included "the true servant who is beneficial to his lord, the King's Scribe", "the servant beloved of his lord", "Fanbearer on the King's Right Hand", and "the servant who causes to live the name of his lord".[1] These titles were found on five ushabtis that Nakhtmin offered as funerary presents for pharaoh Tutankhamun.[2]

On a dyad funerary statue of Nakhtmin and his spouse (who's name did not survive) at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Nakhtmin is attested with the titles of "Crown Prince" (ỉry-pꜥt) and "King's Son" (zꜣ-nỉswt).[3] As Nakhtmin donated items to the burial of Tutankhamun without these titles, it follows that he gained them subsequently, during the reign of Pharaoh Ay.

Origins and Family[]

Nakhtmin is believed to have been from Panopolis (modern Akhmim). His mother is known from a statue to be Iuy, who was a 'Chantress of Min and Isis'[4] at the temple of Min at Panopolis.

The identity of Nakhtmin's father is not known with certainty. The title of "King's Son" could be completed as "King's Son of his own body," which would make him the son or adopted son of Ay.[5] However, it could be completed as the "King's Son of Kush".

Viceroy of Kush[]

See also: Viceroy of Kush
Whether Nakhtmin's incomplete title of "King's Son [...]" should be completed as "King's Son of Kush" is often disputed. As it seems that the nobleman Paser I held the position of Viceroy during that time period.[6] However, Paser served under Horemheb and whether he also served under Ay is less certain, allowing a gap in the office for Nakhtmin. Furthermore, "there is an unpublished shabti of this period which belonged to a "commander of a host of Kush (ḥrỉ-pḏt-n-kš) Nakhtmin" which may very well be assigned to the general Nakhtmin".[7] Having served as army commander in Kush and being attested as "King's Son [...]", Nakhtmin may very well have served under Viceroy Amenhotep-Huy and succeeded him in that position.

Identification[]

The military official Nakhtmin is often confused with a priestly official with the same name (Nakhtmin), since both Nakhtmin's share Panopolis as their hometown and both were closely involved in the royal court. They are however, clearly two seperate individuals, "as the priestly Nakhtmin has no military titles, and the military Nakhtmin has no priestly titles".[8]

Royal Succession[]

It is not unlikely that, during his reign, Pharaoh Ay appointed Nakhtmin his heir to the throne, "perhaps in an effort to counteract the power of Horemheb".[9] Both Nakhtmin and Horemheb were high military officials and both gained the title of "Crown Prince" (r-pꜥt), Horemheb under Tutankhamun, Nakhtmin under Ay. However, Nakhtmin never became pharaoh. It is assumed by scholars that he died towards the end of the reign of Ay (when he seemingly vanished from all records) and Horemheb, the designated heir of Tutankhamun, became pharaoh instead.[10][11]

Subsequently, Nakhtmin's statue with the inscription has suffered extensive damage. Only two pieces remain, the head and shoulders of Nakhtmin and the upper part of the body and head of his wife. Both statues look as though the eyes, nose and mouth have been deliberately damaged. This has been interpreted as some form of persecution even after death (damnatio memoriae).[12] His stelae - which had been set up at his (and Ay's) native city of Panopolis - were defaced.[13]

Burial[]

It is assumed that his tomb, which was never discovered, has been given the same treatment as that of Ay, who was amongst the Amarna pharaohs whose memories were execrated under later rulers.[14]

See also[]

References[]

  1. Black 2006.
  2. Carter 1963.
  3. Helck 1984, p. 1908–1910.
  4. Van Dijk 1996, p. 33.
  5. Helck 1984.
  6. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 151.
  7. Schulman 1964, p. 125.
  8. Booth 2012.
  9. Schulman 1965, p. 64.
  10. Black 2006.
  11. Helck 1984.
  12. The Egyptian Museum Cairo: Official Catalogue, items 195–196.
  13. Desroches-Noblecourt 1963.
  14. Black 2006.

Bibliography[]

  • Black, J.R., 2006: The Instruction of Amenemope: A critical edition and commentary, prolegomenon and prologue. University of Wisconsin–Madison.
  • Booth, C., 2012: Horemheb: The Forgotten Pharaoh.
  • Carter, H., 1963: The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen, Discovered by the Late Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter. Cooper Square Publishers, New York.
  • Desroches-Noblecourt, C., 1963: Tutankhamen: Life and Death of a Pharaoh. N. Y. Graphic Society, New York.
  • Dijk, J. van, 1996: Horemheb and the Struggle for the Throne of Tutankhamun. Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Helck, W., 1984: Urkunden der 18. Dynastie: Texte der Hefte. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Schulman, A.R., 1964: Excursus on the " Military Officer" Nakhtmin. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 3.
  • Schulman, A.R., 1965: The Berlin "Trauerrelief" (No. 12411) and Some Officials of Tutʿankhamūn and Ay. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 4.
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