Naqada  is a town on the west bank of the Nile in Qena Governorate, Egypt. It includes the villages of Tukh, Khatara, Danfiq, and Zawayda.

Naqada was the necropolis of the town of Nubt, the town of gold, known in Greek as Ombos. It had been devoted to the god Set, or Set of Nubt, Nubty, as he is called in the Pyramid Texts, and as evidenced by inscribed blocks found at Naqada.


Ash as depicted from Peribsen seals


Winged set worshiped as the "Bull of Nubt" in Ombos

Set was thought to have been born in the Naqada region and had been connected with the kingship from Early Dynastic times at least, appearing on the macehead of King Scorpion. Along with Horus, Set was embodied in the person of the king. First Dynasty queens held the title "she who sees Horus and Set," and the Second Dynasty king Peribsen emphasized Set as his protector. There are ruins of the temple dedicated to Set which dates to the 18th Dynasty in New Kingdom times.[1]

It is also possible Ash worshiped in Ombos, as their original chief deity.[2]

Naqada Culture

The Naqada culture is an archaeological culture of Chalcolithic Predynastic Egypt (ca. 4400–3000 BC), named for the town of Naqada, Qena Governorate. A 2013 Oxford University radio carbon dating study of the Predynastic period, however, suggests a much later date beginning sometime between 3,800–3,700 BC.


  2. Hart, George (2005), The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses (2nd ed.), London: Routledge (published May 17, 2005), ISBN 978-0-415-36116-3, retrieved 2007-10-18
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