For more images see: Narmer Image Gallery.
The scene portrayed is believed to have a location somewhere within Lower Egypt due to the shrine with a pitched roof with heron on top as this is the shrine of Djebaut, a district of Buto in north-western Delta. However this theory is complicated by the wavy walled enclosure shown which looks like a structure recently found at Hierakonpolis. Behind the seated figure of Narmer it is possible that a Vizier (ṯt) may be shown though the hieroglyphs do not have the full term (ṯ3iti), his sandal-bearer is also portrayed below him and above the king is represented Nekhet hovering protectively above him . There are also standard bearers portraying too falcons, Wepwawet with the šdšd device, and another with the royal placenta. Three bound captives seem to be given to king, labels around them saying 120,000 captives in total with 400,000 cattle and 1,422,000 sheep and goats though this figure can in no way be credible.  Some attest the the three prisoner may in fact just be men who are holding their hands close together and are not bound like prisoners.
Some believe this to show the marriage of Narmer to the Queen Neithhotep A, uniting the South of Egypt to the North, however there is no comparative evidence for this. Other theories attest that this is a depiction of his Heb-sed Festival and that the cow and calf portrayed may be Hathor, another also states this may be an event mentioned in the Palermo Stone called the Appearance of the King of Lower Egypt (Ḫˤt-bity) as a heb-sed festival would normally be portrayed on a platform with double stairs and throne.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Wilkinson, T, A, H. (2001) Early Dynastic Egypt London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-26011-6.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Tyldesley, J. (2011) Myths & Legends of Ancient Egypt Glasgow: Ellipsis Books Limited.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Tyldesley, J. (2006) The Complete Queens of Egypt Cairo: American University Press.
- ↑ Clayton, P.A (2001) Chronicles of the Pharaohs London: Thames & Hudson.
- ↑ McDermott, B.(2004) Warfare In Ancient Egypt London: Sutton Publishing Limited.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Millet, N.B (1990) The Narmer Macehead and Related Objects Journal of American Research Center in Egypt: Vol. 27, pp. 53-59