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Nebetah
V30
t
O11a
pr
B1
nb.t-ꜥḥ
"Lady of the Palace"
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Amenhotep III
Akhenaten (?)
Titles King's Daughter
Father Amenhotep III
Mother Tiye
Burial KV35 (reburial?)

Nebetah (ancient Egyptian: nb.t-ꜥḥ, "Lady of the Palace") was a Princess of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Family[]

Nebetah was the fourth daughter of Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III and his Queen Tiye. Her older sisters were Sitamun, Iset, and Henuttaneb, while she might have had a younger sister called Baketaten. However, Nebetah and Baketaten may be the same person. Her brothers were Thutmose, Amenhotep IV, and probably Smenkhkare.

Unlike her older sisters, Nebetah did not marry her father, Amenhotep III. She was likely too young. Her her only known title is King's Daughter Whom He Loves, which is a usual title for princesses.

Attestations[]

Nebetah is shown on a colossal limestone family statue from Medinet Habu.[1] This huge seven-metre-high (23 ft) sculpture shows Amenhotep III and Tiye seated side by side, "with three of their daughters standing in front of the throne--Henuttaneb, the largest and best preserved, in the centre; Nebetah on the right; and another, whose name is destroyed, on the left".[2]

Death and Burial[]

Like her older sisters, Nebetah also disappeared from the historical record at the end of Amenhotep III's reign and is not mentioned again during Akhenaten's reign. She my have died, however, since all daughters dissapear at Amenhotep III's death this seems unlikely. It has been speculated that she was renamed during the Atenist reforms started by her brother, and is identical with Princess Baketaten who was never mentioned before the reforms.[3]

Mummy[]

The mummy known as The Younger Lady from the KV35 tomb in the Valley of the Kings has been identified as the mother of Tutankhamun and a late daughter of Amenhotep III and Tiye. Nebetah and Baketaten have thus been considered as the possible identity of this mummy.[4] If not his mother, Nebetah was the aunt of Tutankhamun.

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 156.
  2. O'Connor & Cline 1998, p. 7.
  3. Tyldesley 1998, p.136.
  4. Hawass et al. 2010.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Hawass, Z./Gad, Y.Z./Somaia, I./Khairat, R./Fathalla, D./Hasan, N./Ahmed, A./Elleithy, H./Ball, M./Gaballah, F./Wasef, S./Fateen, M./Amer, H./Gostner, P./Selim, A./Zink, A./Pusch, C.M., 2010: Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun's Family. Journal of the American Medical Association. Chicago, Illinois: American Medical Association. 303 (7): p. 638–647.
  • O'Connor, D./Cline, E., 1998: Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. University of Michigan Press.
  • Tyldesley, J., 1998: Nefertiti: Egypt's Sun Queen. Penguin, London.
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