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The canopic jar of Nebiri from his QV30 tomb (Schiaparelli 1923).

Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Thutmose III
Titles Chief of the Stables
Burial QV30

Nebiri (transliteration: nb-ỉry) was an ancient Egyptian high official under Pharaoh Thutmose III of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.[1]


Nebiri is merely known from his burial in the QV30 rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Queens. Nebiri is attested there as "Chief of the Stables". Looted in antiquity, the tomb was discovered by Italian Egyptologist Ernesto Schiaparelli in 1904. Fragments of two mummies were found, one believed to be Nebiri's and the other of his servant.[1]


Nebiri Mummy

Mummyhead of Nebiri.

Only the unwrapped head of Nebiri was left in his tomb. Most of the brain was removed during mummification, and the skull and face were stuffed with linen. The organs were placed in canopic jars, of which one containing his lungs remained in the tomb until discovery.

In 2015, Nebiri's head and longs were analyses by researchers and was diagnosed with the oldest ever case of chronic heart failure.[2] The cause of Nebiri's heart failure is believed to have been hypertension. Nebiri suffered severe periodontal disease with abscesses and was estimated to have been 45-60 years old at death.

In 2017, a facial reconstruction based on his mummyhead was made.[3]



  • Demas, M./Agnew, N., (eds.) 2012: Valley of the Queens Assessment Report: Volume 1. Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles.